Tuesday, February 20, 2018



G’day to you wonderful people out there! How has your week been? Anything exciting or awesome happen? In my household, my husband continues to get better and the love of the Lord is felt daily with His presence. Praise God! I pray that this is so with all of you worldwide!

Speaking of worldwide, I was watching our little resident ground squirrel busy at his job of gathering food and I
thought squirrels would make a nice topic. Not just any squirrels, though, but flying squirrels. The question is, do they really fly?

Well, no, they don’t. But they do glide and mighty powerfully and skillfully at that. They “…glide from one tree to another with the aid of a patagium, a furry, parachute-like membrane that stretches from wrist to ankle. Their long tail provides stability in flight. Anatomically they are very similar to other
squirrels but have a number of adaptations to suit their life style; their limb bones are longer and their hand, foot bones and distal vertebrae are shorter. Flying squirrels are able to steer and exert control over their glide path with their limbs and tail.”1 Most are nocturnal scavengers looking for seeds, buds, insects, slugs, spiders, bird’s eggs and of course nuts. 

“The direction and speed of the animal in midair are varied by changing the positions of its limbs, largely controlled by small cartilaginous wrist bones.”2 Their fluffy, flattened tails help to stabilize their flight and acts as a
Red giant flying squirrel
brake before they land on a tree trunk. Flying squirrels are quite accurate in landing on their target. 

 The largest of all gliding animals and the longest flying squirrel, is 45-60 centimeters (18-24 inches) long and was listed as an endangered species by the Federal Government of Pakistan. Other giant flying squirrels include the Japanese, Chinese, Indian, Bhutan Hodgson’s, Spotted, Red and White, Mechuka, Mishmi Hills, and Mebo giant flying squirrels.
Hodge’s flying squirrel
These last three giant flying squirrels were only just discovered in the northeastern state of India of Arunachal Pradesh in the late 2000s. All of these are about 1 inch smaller than the wooly flying squirrel and live in Asia. 

At the other end of the spectrum, the smallest species/subspecies are the pygmy flying squirrels. Unfortunately I wasn’t able to get a measurement on the size of these miniature creatures. The are only found in Malaysia. The cutest little
Korean flying squirrel
flying squirerel is found on the Korean peninsula, temperate Eurasia and Japan. Also found in Japan is the Japanese dwarf flying squirrel, only 14-20 cm (6-8 inches) long. 

Other species found throughout, Asia, Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines, Cambodia, Java, India and Sri Lanka include the Travancore  (found only in the latter two), Basalian, Javanese, Jentiuk’s, whiskered, hairy-footed, Arrow, Hagen’s and many others. Not all of these animals are found in each country as many are endangered.
Japanese flying squirrel

Here in North America, the northern, southern and Humboldt’s flying squirrels are found throughout Canada, the United States, Alaska, and Nova Scotia.

The European flying squirrel (also called the Siberian flying squirrel) can be found from the Baltic Sea to the
Southern flying squirrel
Pacific drift. 

It is not known if these amazing creatures were created like this and glided around the garden of Eden or if later environmental pressures caused latent DNA to become dominant thus allowing the squirrels to develop the extra flap of skin to adapted to their new environment. Either way, it was the hand of the Maker that created such an amazing mode of travel. How can I be so confident in this statement. Because the big flap of skin that stretches out into their wings is cumbersome on the ground. Any animal ‘evolving’ into this state would have been easy prey and not have survived the
Bhutan flying squirrel
transitional stage.

Until next week, take care and God bless!

PS Did you know that squirrels are actually rodents!?


Wooly flying squirrel: By Richard Lydekker - Mostly Mammals, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1919000
Hodgson’s: By Nandini Velho - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=64123753
Bhutan’S: By Umeshsrinivasan - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15157812

Red giant: By Daderot - Own work, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=33388693

Wednesday, February 14, 2018


Photo courtesy of pintrest


Hello again!

My this week has passed by so quickly, I thought last weeks blog was just written this past Monday, ha ha! So I am a bit behind. But all is gong well here at my home, no terrible major events have happened. But one great event has happened! If you haven’t already done so, please take a look at my new book, available now on Amazon in print and soon it will be available in ebook form. That is the big, major news in our house hold, yeah! It was quite a feat putting the book together because I wanted it as accurate as possible and at the same time as excitingly entertaining. Much research went into its development. 

Speaking of research, the research on monkeys, I thought, was fascinating. Here are a few other things I learned about monkey speech…
Macaque photo courtesy of Answers in Genesis

Tecumseh Fitch, lead author of the research on monkey vocals, and his colleges “…used computer simulations to synthesize how a monkey’s voice would sound if it could imitate phrases like ‘Happy holidays’ and ‘Will you marry me?’ The words were quite understandable. So, given that they have the necessary sound-producing anatomy, why don’t monkeys imitate human language? After all, parrots have a go at it and get lots of attention for their trouble.”1 Good question. And an even better question is though the parrots can imitate the sounds quite accurately, do they know what they are saying? “…among God’s earthly creations only human beings can use language to develop, encode, and communicate abstract thoughts. A monkey might, however, need to communicate something concrete and practical, like ‘Danger, danger!’”2

Actually, it is not ‘might’, some monkeys do let their troops
Campbell monkey commons
know danger is approaching by the calls they make. They even can direct the calls differently to share information about the direction and degree of that danger. This shouldn’t surprise us, after all it has been demonstrated over and over that God has equipped animals with DNA that can allow creatures to adapt to their environment including avoiding predators. “God has apparently provided them (monkeys) with the ability to refine and adapt their instinctive alarm calls to fit the varying situations in which they find themselves…For some time now scientists have been observing two populations of Campbell’s monkeys (Cercopithecus campbelli) located in Sierra Leone’s Tiwai Island and Ivory Coast’s Tai Forest. They have learned, as New York University professor Philippe Schlenker explains, ‘that Campbell’s monkeys have a distinction between roots and suffixes, and that their combination allows the monkeys to describe both the nature of a threat and its degree of danger.’ By analyzing the recorded monkey alarm calls triggered by leopards and eagles (whether real or imitation), Schlenker and colleagues determined that krak and hok are alarm sounds. They learned that tacking -oo on the end of an alarm call lessens the intensity of the alarm. Hok denotes the aerial threat of
Campbell monkey range, commons
eagles. And boom boom at the beginning of a call sequence means, ‘The coast is clear.’ Even nearby Diana’s monkeys (Cercopithecus diana) calm down when they hear a Campbell’s monkey’s boom boom.”

We must understand, though, that human brain size and complexity are vastly different than those of monkeys or even great apes. Including the connections of muscles and neurons that allow for the human spoken language, which are not at all the same as primates. “We know that God created human language on Day Six of Creation Week, for He spoke with Adam—warning him not to eat of the one forbidden fruit (Genesis 2:16-17) and assigning him the task of naming animals (Genesis 2:19-20). And Adam named the animals and communicated with his wife that first day of his existence. God likewise created the roots of the nearly 7,000 languages we have today almost 1,700 years later when He dispersed the rebellious descendants of Noah’s family
Campbell monkey, commons
congregating at the Tower of Babel. In fact the extraordinary differences between the language families that linguists describe (fewer than 150) are consistent with the radical divergence of people groups from Babel around 4,000 years ago, an actual historical event described in the Bible.”

Every time there is a question about our origins, true scientists, those without an agenda, find the answers in scripture. I think it is reasonable to call the Bible a reliable, accurate source in which the unaltered truth was recorded.

Until next time, take care and God bless,
Willow Dressel


Tuesday, February 6, 2018


Indonesia Crested Black Macaque, Sulawesi Crested Macaque, or the Black Ape Dominant male in group Settling down after deciding that there is no threat present July 9, 2006 Habitat: Tangkoko National Park. Wikipedia commons


Good afternoon friends!

How as everything been for all of you this past week? For myself and my husband it has been a week of adjusting and learning. Greg’s stroke was so mild but still there are things that are different. The biggest for him is learning to speak well again, to annunciate his words loud and clear. Other than that wonderful news, I have some else:  My second book in the series Sign of the Oth is at the publishers as I type away here. The Golden Strand of Shinar should be available on Amazon by February  12th or 13th. I am so excited to see all my hard work finally in print! May all of you enjoy it! And if you haven’t watched the video trailer on youTube, check it out while you are waiting; just go to youtube and type in the search bar the title of the book then click on the image of the boy on a horse. O you can just type my name in to youtube and it will come up. Let me know what you think!
Indochina rhesus macaque. Wikipedia commons

Speaking of speech articulation, it has long been thought that monkeys cannot speak like humans because they didn’t possess the correct vocal cords. This concept started in 1969 when Philip Lieberman did a study on a dead rhesus macaque (native to Asia). He dissected the vocal tract and proclaimed that from his examination, monkeys do not possess the correct vocal cords and thus are incapable of producing essential vowel sounds. 

Since then, “…a team led by Princeton neuroscientist Asif Ghazanfar, who worked with Lieberman in the past, has
Japanese Macaques
obtained fresh information about a monkey’s potential vocal repertoire through X-ray video of a living monkey’s voice box. ‘What you'll find in the textbooks is that monkeys can't talk because they don't have the appropriate vocal tract to do so,’ explains Tecumseh Fitch, lead author of the study. ‘That, I think, is a myth. My colleagues and I all get
Bonnett macaque
very tired of seeing this. But you see it in all the textbooks. Lots of popular books, and also scholarly books about the evolution of language, assume that in order to evolve speech we had to have massive changes in our vocal tract.’ … Fitch and company recorded the (monkey) sounds and used video fluoroscopy (a type of X-ray) to capture the corresponding movements of tongue, lips, and voice box on film. Computer analysis, correlating vocal tract movements with the sounds, showed that monkeys can produce all the clearly distinguishable vowel sounds needed to imitate human speech. Though consonants are not considered language limiting for nonhuman primates, the study also found that macaques are easily able to produce sufficient consonant sounds to talk up a storm.” They even used computer
Wetzone macaque, Sir Lanka
simulations to synthesize how a monkey would sound if they spoke human words, and the words were very understandable. 

So why don’t monkeys speak like humans. “The reason lies in the way the monkey brain and vocal tracts are wired. A monkey lacks language-critical connections between its auditory cortex and its motor cortex. These are the parts of the brain that process what is heard and generate instructions controlling voluntary muscle movements. Therefore, even though a monkey hears what we are saying, it
Stump-tailed macaques, South Asia and India
cannot convert that sound into instructions for its “speech-ready” vocal tract to imitate what it hears. A monkey also lacks the direct connections between the voice box and tongue that we use to shape our sounds into words.”

Now evolutionists have to rewire their thinking; from our supposed ape-like ancestors only being able to grunt because they didn’t possess the ability for speech to one where vocal tract limitations are due to the wiring in a monkey’s brain. A much more difficult process to try to prove as transitional.

Look for next weeks blog to see what kind of words monkeys actually speak!

Until then, God bless and take care,
Willow Dressel



All Photos courtesy of Wikipedia commons:

Bonnet_macaque_(Macaca_radiata)_Photograph_By_Shantanu_Kuveskar.jpg ‎(354 × 600 pixels, file size: 161 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)

Jigokudani_hotspring_in_Nagano_Japan_001.jpg ‎(800 × 600 pixels, file size: 130 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)

stump tailed macaque (Photograph by Frans de Waal, used with permission.) - de Waal FBM: Peace Lessons from an Unlikely Source. PLoS Biol 2/4/2004: e101. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0020101
toqu macaque Gihan Jayaweera - At Haggala Forest by Dmitry Arun

Indonesia Crested Black Macaque, Sulawesi Crested Macaque, or the Black Ape Dominant male in group Settling down after deciding that there is no threat present July 9, 2006 Habitat: Tangkoko National Park <a href="https://www.flickr.com/photos/lipkee/616636478">www.flickr.com/photos/lipkee/616636478</a> _Q0S0758

Wednesday, January 31, 2018


Figure 1) Glow in the Dark Cockroach


Hello all my friends,

So sorry to have missed last week. Two things happened; one I was able to get my book to the publishers at the beginning of the week (super yeah!) and two) my husband had a stroke the day after I turned the manuscript in. A minor one, praise the Lord, but nevertheless, a change in our lifestyle. But I will try my hardest to write this weekly blog for all you good people out there.

I stumbled on an interesting article I thought you might find as intriguing as me. Cockroaches! Yes, those nasty bugs you find skittering across your floor and crunch under your feet. But not just those cockroaches, there are actually over 4,000 species, some even quite beautiful!
Domino cockroach in India

Not all roaches are the same. “The domino cockroach in India is black with white spots; the Cuban cockroach is grass green; the Mitchell’s diurnal cockroach in Australia has blue legs and yellow stripes; and a rare Ecuadorian cockroach, Luchihormetica luckae, glows in the dark. Roach sizes also vary; for instance, the rhinoceros cockroach is the heaviest, weighing up to 35g, and the Central American giant cockroach is the longest at over three inches in length with a five- to six-inch wingspan.”1

Besides beautiful physical characteristics found in some species of roaches, there is even one that gives milk! “The Pacific beetle cockroach (Diploptera punctata), which lives in Hawaii, is the only roach known to give birth to live young (also known as being viviparous). While the baby roaches are in the brood sac (a sort of uterus for the roach), the mother roach releases a liquid substance to feed the babies, similar to the milk that mammal mothers produce for their young…
Cuban cockroach
Further study by the Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine in Bengaluru, India, revealed the unique genetic structure of the ‘milk’ protein crystals. According to Sanchari Banerjee, an author of a paper on this study, said, ‘The crystals are like a complete food—they have proteins, fats and sugars. If you look into the protein sequences, they have all the essential amino acids.’ ”
2 A fascinating element of this ‘milk’ is that it has timed-release nutrients such as proteins that equal the rate of digestion. Though it is not known if this ‘milk ‘ is safe for human consumption, scientists are looking into it as a powerful substance for feeding the world’s hungry population. Why? Because “at least three times the nutrition and caloric content as buffalo milk (previously the milk having the highest caloric content) and four times the nutritional value of cow’s milk.”3

Also “Scientists use roaches in laboratory testing, especially in areas such as social behavior and neurobiology. Roaches provide researchers inspiration for designing microrobotics and new prosthetic legs. Ironically, the roach has also been
Figure 2) Central american giant cockroach
helping researchers discover new antibiotic treatments for super bugs such as MRSA and disease-causing strains of E. coli. Some Chinese researchers add powdered cockroaches in their pharmaceuticals and have used roach-based cream to help treat burn victims. As of 2013, pharmaceutical companies in China and South Korea were experimenting with using cockroaches as a vitamin supplement and as a treatment for baldness, AIDS, and cancer.

“In learning more about God’s creation, we come to know Him better. God’s creativity is as infinite as He is, and discoveries like the protein sequence in roach milk point
Pacific Beetle cockroach
back to our amazing Creator. Isn’t it exciting to know that God has created innumerable resources for us—even some that we haven’t figured out yet?Even if scientists never find a way to mass-produce the properties of roach milk for human consumption or incorporate its unique qualities in pharmaceuticals, we’ve uncovered one more awesome way that the Creator designed a creature to care for its young. It should remind us to praise Him for how much He cares for us.”

Until next time, God bless and take care,
Willow Dressel



Figure 1)  By Hectonichus - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=37512922

Figure 2)  By Mvolz - Own work, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=50362157

Monday, January 15, 2018



Hello again!

How are all you fine folks? Perhaps getting a little more rest after the holidays, or maybe working extra hard to catch up? Lol! Either way, we come up with different ways to handle our environment. 

And so does wildlife. I don’t know about you but sometimes I feel concerned for the wildlife when it’s really cold and snowy outside, or the opposite in summertime (or now in the southern hemisphere) when it’s boiling hot. How do animals cope with these environmental extremes?

In cold areas, there are six ways different animals survive the cold. Check this out…

 1) Footwear: For cats that live in extreme cold such as the Arctic or the Himalayas, their DNA includes wide, spreading paws which enables them to walk much easier on top of the snow. Cats such as lynxes and the snow leopard have these traits and extra thick fur around and between their toes to help keep them warm and from sinking very far into the snow. 

Some birds, such as the rock ptarmigan found ptarmigan in the arctic and far norther regions of Canada and in Iceland, England, Ireland, the alps of Northern Italy, Siberia and the Russian high arctic as well as other High Mountain areas have feathers on their feet that help protect them from the ice and snow. All “birds’ legs and feet are covered with specialized scales that minimize heat loss. Birds can also control the temperature of their legs and feet separately from their bodies by constricting blood flow to their extremities, thereby reducing heat loss.”1

2) Insulation—fatty reserves: The DNA of many animals that are exposed to ice water include a thick layer of fat. This
layer of blubber keeps the cold out and heat in. Wild animals such as polar bears, whales, seals, sea lion and walruses are best known for this adaptation. Other animals such as marmots, bears, and even deer, antelope and birds will store fat.

3) Warm coats: Along the same line as fatty reserves, Most animals that live in temperate and arctic environments have layers of fur. Specially arranged different types of hairs/fur help keep the heat in. Warm air from the animal’s body gets trapped in the lower layers of fur while the outer
layer is usually long and able to whisk moisture away from penetrating to the inner fur and body by causing droplets to run down the hair and drip off the animal. The musk ox is a prime example of this. Bison, wolves, deer, moose, elk, mink, weasels, foxes and many other animals have this ability. 

If you have any observation skills at all you
all have witnessed birds fluffed out on cold days. This has the same effect as layers of fur, trapping a cushion of warm air against the bird’s body.

4) Hibernation: During hibernation, mammals seek the safety
of a den. Their heart rate and body temperatures drop, and their metabolic rate slow thus conserving the food and fat stored in their bodies. The North American black bear is famous for this. Mice, squirrels, hedgehogs, bats, many other animals and of course all reptiles have some form of hibernation. 

Group of lizards hibernating 

5) Antifreeze: “Some animals don’t have fur or fat or feathers, but they have a kind of 
Sea raven frozen in ice but still alive
antifreeze in their bodies that works just as well. Fish, such as the sea raven and the winter flounder, have chemicals that keep their blood flowing. The wingless midge—an insect that lives in Antarctica—has special chemicals to protect it from becoming a block of ice. The wood frog doesn’t mind long, frigid nights in Alaska because a type of sugar (glucose) builds up in its body to keep it from freezing.” 

6) Making cozy shelters: Many animals make their own nests or dens where they can wait out the storms of an icy winter. Often these places are lined with grasses, twigs, conifer branches, fur and feathers. Anything that will give added protection. Even animals that don’t have a den make their own shelter by grouping together, putting their tails to the wind, seeking shelter under a tree or overhang, or just plain old hunkering down in the snow. 

All these beautiful adaptations would have been placed by the Creator in the animals DNA during Creation week. When environmental pressures were pressed upon different species, the animals were able to adapt because the DNA was already in place. 

I pray that all of you have adequate shelter this winter! Until next time, God bless and take care,
Willow Dressel


UpChurch, John, Kids Answers, Jan-Feb, 2018 (Vol. 13  No.1), Answers Magazine, Dale Mason Publisher, Jan. 2018.