Tuesday, February 21, 2017

SATURN, PROBE, CASSINI, TITAN, MOONS #CHRISTIAN #CREATION SCIENCE #SATURN #CASSINI

Add caption

PROBE CASSINI


Hi everyone!

How is it going with you guys? I am feeling much better today and for the last two days. I think I am finally on the up side of recovery! My lungs are feeling so much stronger…thanks to all of you who have been praying for me. It has been a long road, almost six months of crippling illness. One thing, however that I have been able to do was write my book. It is very near being finish. It is the sequel to Of One Tongue, the novel I wrote a little over a year ago. This book is about the aftermath of the language split at the Tower of Babel, 25 years later. It shows the dispersal of mankind (at least the beginnings of it) and the developing cultures. But the most fun I had in the research and writing was the encounter the characters had with the wildlife and settling of the land and climate after the global flood. I hope you will read it when it is released and will write a review on Amazon for me!

Speaking of new things, NASA has released some new photos of Saturn taken by the probe Cassini. Cassini was sent to Saturn in 2004 and has been faithfully sending pictures back ever since. Here are some of them…

The image above the title is of Saturn, its rings viewed edge on and the planet's giant moon Titan. The probe snapped the shots on May 6, 2012, when it was about 483,000 miles from Titan. 


Below, “This mosaic of the Saturn system, taken by Cassini, glows with scattered light from tiny dust grains. The sun is obscured by the planet in this unusual geometry.1 Cassini made its historical trip between the planet and its rings just this year. Photo Jan 2017



Below, From the inside out, the 'Cassini division' in faint red at left is followed by the A ring in its entirety in this ultraviolet-light image. The A ring begins with a  irty' interior of red followed by more blue as it spreads away from the planet. The blue is a signature of water ice. The red band roughly three-fourths of the way outward in the A ring is known as the Encke gap.2


Below, “The new set of images also includes a view of Saturn’s superdense B ring—the highest-resolution image ever taken of this ring by a factor of at least 2. The great variety in widths and textures of the bands cannot be accounted for yet. 'Why is it organizing itself in this way? We (NASA scientists) are trying to figure that outThere are some theories about some kind of vibrations that can set themselves up in a system like this, but those should all have the same wavelength, which clearly this doesn’t.' It’s something they’ll need to study more.”3 Photo Taken Jan 2017


Below, "The globe of Saturn, seen here in natural color, is reminiscent of a holiday ornament in this wide-angle view from NASA's Cassini spacecraft. The characteristic hexagonal shape of Saturn's northern jet stream, somewhat yellow here, is visible. At the pole lies a Saturnian version of a high-speed hurricane, eye and all.4



Below, "Saturn's moon Enceladus, covered in snow and ice, resembles a perfectly packed snowball in this image from NASA's Cassini mission.5




Below, "Saturn's largest and second largest moons, Titan and Rhea, appear to be stacked on top of each other in this true-color scene from NASA's Cassini spacecraft.”6


Below, "The Saturnian moons of Titan, Hyperion and Prometheus are visible just beyond the planet's trademark rings in a photo captured on July 14, 2014 and released on Sept. 22.7



Below is a picture of Saturn with the sun behind it. God glorious creations never cease to amaze me. Beautiful!



Until next time, God bless and take care,
Willow Dressel

References:

http://www.space.com/15090-saturn-photos-nasa-cassini-spacecraft.html

Wednesday, February 15, 2017

K-T BOUNDARY, FOSSILS, ASTEROID, DINOSAUR, EXTINCTION #K-T BOUNDARY LAYER #FOSSILS #DINOSAUR #EXTINCTION


K-T Boundary Layer

Good day everyone!

I am such a busy beaver, sorry I didn’t get this out sooner in the week. I am preparing to give a talk on fossils this evening so I haven’t gotten around to my blog. But this is a part of what I will be speaking on; the K-T boundary layer. Enjoy…

“The Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary marks what is known as a ‘mass extinction event.’ Fossils of many species are virtually absent in layers above the boundary. Not only do dinosaur fossils end at the K-T boundary, but also fossils of many plants and marine reptiles. The evolutionary timescale suggests the K-T boundary extinction occurred 65 million years ago due to an asteroid collision.

“Proponents of the asteroid hypothesis believe a layer of iridium at the K-T boundary came from the asteroid and
spread all over the world. Evolutionary geologists believe the iridium came from space because they believe any iridium on earth should have sunk in our molten planet millions of years before the K-T layer was formed.

“There is, however, too much iridium to attribute to the asteroid. The dust from an asteroid impact would not spread very far. Volcanoes, on the other hand, produce iridium and do tend spread their dust clouds worldwide.

“So how do creation scientists explain the disappearance of dinosaurs from the fossil record above the Cretaceous layer? Global Flood geology explains the fossil layers in the geologic column. Many dinosaur footprints and body fossils are found in and below the Cretaceous layer. As the Flood waters rose, animals would have naturally sought higher ground. Footprints, often in patterns typical of uphill climbing,
K-T Boundary Layer
memorialize many animals’ final efforts to flee the rising waters. Ultimately, even the larger dinosaurs were overwhelmed and buried.

“Rock layers above the Cretaceous are consistent with findings expected in the waning half of the Flood year and the post-Flood time. Fossils there include mammals and birds as well as reptiles and amphibians. These mobile animals would have been the last ones overwhelmed and buried.

“And what of the iridium deposits? Since widespread volcanism would have been associated with the Flood, Flood geology also explains the iridium deposition and explains it better than the asteroid hypothesis does.

“The evidence is consistent with the biblical Flood model.
The catastrophic cause of mass extinction of most of the dinosaur population was the global Flood (a little over 4,000 years ago). Those descended from the ones which got off the Ark eventually succumbed to the same sorts of pressures which cause extinction in animal populations today.”

Once again the physical evidence of our world supports scripture. Why is it so hard for people to see this!

Until next time, God bless and take care,
Willow Dressel

References:
Entire blog:

https://answersingenesis.org/dinosaurs/extinction/closing-in-on-k-t-boundary-dinosaur-extinction/

Tuesday, January 31, 2017

WET DESERT, SAHARA, LAKE BONNEVILLE, DEGLACIATION, ICE AGE #CHRISTIAN #CREATION SCIENCE #WET DESERT #DEGLACIATION

Notice the lead rope on giraffe. Pictograph in Saraha desert.

WHAT IN THE WORLD IS A 
WET DESERT?

Greetings all you fine folks out there. I am preparing for another baby coming into the world. Yes, I am going to be a grandma all over again! Any day now our little baby grandson will make his entrance in a ‘gush’ of water. He will be leaving his warm wet climate into my daughter’s and son-in -law’s warm welcoming arms.

Speaking of wet climates, did you know that at one time all the deserts around the world used to be flourishing wet areas containing many plants and animals. Let’s take a closer look… 

WET DESERTS
Definition-Many areas around the world that are deserts today, were wet during the Ice Age. 
Locations-The Great Basin area, Death Valley, the Great Salt Lake area, the Dead Sea area, the Gobi desert, and the Sahara desert just to name a few. 
Physical evidence-The physical evidence/geology shows that the area around the Great Salt Lake was once under water. As a matter of fact three shorelines are easily found. Scientists even have a name for the largest lake; Lake Bonneville. It was about eight times the size the Great Salt lake is today and 800 feet deep (today the salt lake is on average only 12 feet deep).
Another example is the Sahara desert. People and
Man riding a chariot. Pictograph found in Sahara Desert
animals not only lived in that region, but thrived. There are thousands of pictographs of people, giraffes, hippos and other wetland animals.  Here is a quote from James Wellard in his book, “The great Sahara” 1964, pgs 33, 34: “The Sahara is a veritable art gallery of  prehistoric paintings…the evidence is enough to show that the Sahara was one of the well populated areas of the prehistoric world…Yet there is his [man’s] work in the most inaccessible corners of the desert,…literally thousands of figures of tropical and aquatic animals, enormous herds of cattle, hunters armed with bows boomerangs and even “domestic” scenes of women and children and the circular huts in which they lived…”.
In other current arid and semi-arid regions (areas not populated by humans) there are thousands of aquatic animal fossils. 
Where did the water come from?- computer models simulations show that atmospheric patterns were significantly different during the Ice Age. Storm tracks, heavy precipitation belts, monsoons, and other climatic features would be unique to this era. Two things we do know about Ice Age climate; warm oceanic waters caused greater evaporation and thus greater precipitation globally. Secondly, the weather patterns would be vastly different from what they are today. This combination is enough to sustain a high precipitation pattern in what is now our desert regions. 
Catfish pictograph found in Sahara desert
What about the great lakes found around the world? Would this precipitation be enough to create such huge lakes? Probably not. But the great Noachian flood would. Much if not all of the lakes would have been filled from flood waters draining off the continents when the land rose.

DEGLACIATION
How long?- most creation scientist agree that deglaciation lasted 100 to 200 years.  
Causes-It would have been during deglaciation when the precipitation patterns changed once again. The cooling of oceans allowed massive formations of sea ice which in turn would bring about colder winters and less evaporation. That in turn, would account for a drier atmosphere and stronger north/south (or south/north in the southern hemisphere) temperature differences. Which would, in turn create different wind patterns both in strength and in directions/locations and massive ice melts.
Results-We know a great drought throughout the world occurred, for there are presently large desert regions globally. And there was a mass extinction of the mega fauna. 

Again, scripture matches the physical evidence. There are a number of places scripture refers to the Ic Age: Job:29-30, Job 24:19 and others.

God’s word is the foundation- accurate in all ways. The Ice Age era was a changing world, but with an unchanging God. So if we can trust Him with the past, we can trust Him with the future!

Until next time, God bless and take care,
Willow Dressel

References:



Monday, January 23, 2017

ICE AGE, MEGA FAUNA, MOMMOTH, WOOLY RHINO, EXTINCTION, #CHRISTIAN #CREATION SCIENCE #ICE AGE #MEGA FAUNA #EXTINCTION



WHAT EVERY HAPPENED TO THE 
MEGA FAUNA?


Well hello everyone!

How have you all been? I always pray and will continue to pray for your health and safety. I am doing a little better this week, not quite so short of breath. So it looks like I am not facing extinction just yet, lol!
To continue with last week’s topic of the Ice Age; how did the Mega fauna (Mammoths, wooly rhinos, giant beavers etc) die out? Let’s take a look…

Mega fauna extinction—Only biblical understanding can explain the evidence found about the Ice Age mammoths. The end of the Ice Age melting and flooding brought about a permanent climate change. A vast cold and frozen desert in the north could easily been brought on by a flood of cold fresh water surging into the arctic ocean from the breakage of dams holding melted glacial waters. This would have resulted in the rapid formation of ice on the surface of the salt water thus cutting off the evaporation of the warmer ocean waters near the northern lands. 

Mammoths (and other animals) appear to have been in the habit of migrating north to coastal regions near the Arctic Ocean during cold weather (where in the past, warm oceans would have kept the nearby lands warm as well). However with the sea frozen over, they moved in the wrong direction, into even colder weather. 
So, as you can see, the reason for the ice age dilemmas is because secular scientists assumed the Ice Age climate to be much colder than present-day climates. However, the evidence from the Ice Age fossils instead implies an equable climate with mild winters and cool summers. And if the hypothesis of multiple interglacials (such as multiple ice ages demand) were true, animals such as reindeer, woolly rhinoceroses, and woolly mammoths would be able to recolonize previously glaciated territory. There
would be evidence of this by their bones being abundant in the ‘interglacial’ areas. But what do we find? Their bones are rare and are found mainly at the periphery of ice sheets and in non-glaciated areas. The evidence of ice age animal and plant fossils, points to a single ice age. 

Disharmonious associations—Ice Age fossils contain a strange mix of animals, not be expected to coexist—have been found in the same areas. Cold adapted animal remains are found much farther
south than expected, at the same time (deposits) of warmth adapted animal fossils are found much farther north than any would survive today. Yet, the fossil record shows they thrived in the Ice Age environment. These associations (fossils found in the same strata, in proximity to each other) are common—the rule not the exception. And they are found over all of the Northern
Courtesy of Answers in Genesis 
hemisphere and in parts of the Southern hemisphere as well. Sadly, this physical evidence is not taught in our public schools because it presents a huge problem for the millions of years and many-ice-ages theory. For example,
in over one hundred locations in England, France, and Germany, hippopotamus fossils are found in association with fossils of reindeer, musk oxen, cave lions, and woolly mammoths. Even small mammals, plants, insects, birds, amphibians and reptiles are found in disharmonious associations.     

It is evident there must have been cooler summers for the reindeer, musk-ox, mammoths etc, and warmer winters for the hippopotamus and others (including plants) that today only inhabit tropical regions of the world. However, as the climate dried and cooled, animals would have moved north to the coastal regions where it was warmer in the winter and free of ice. The Arctic coast was warmer because the ocean had not yet frozen over (saltwater is difficult to freeze). Such areas include the lowlands of Alaska and Siberia and areas just east of the Rocky Mountains in North America. Warm air from the Pacific Ocean overrode the mountains  descending as mild Chinook winds keeping such areas unglaciated at this time (called the ice-free corridor). The warm Arctic and North Pacific Oceans would also have kept most of Siberia and Alaska unglaciated as well. It was warm enough in the lowlands of Siberia and Alaska and the ice-free corridor to allow animals to
migrate into the Americas during the early and middle part of the Ice Age. And these lowlands would have been comprised of an abundance of vegetation and water.

I remember being in junior high school asking my teacher where all the snow came from. She never gave me an answer that I was satisfied with. When I read about what I have written above I was so excited because I could recognize the truth. Finally after many decades, I have an answer to my question! 

So what is a wet desert? Find out next week!

Until then, God bless and take care,
Willow Dressel 

References: 

Monday, January 16, 2017

MAMMOTHS, ICE AGE, WOOLLY MAMMOTHS, PERMAFROST, SIBERIA, MICHAEL OARD, #CHRISTIAN #CREATION SCIENCE # MAMMOTH #ICE AGE


WHAT EVERY HAPPENED TO THE MAMMOTH?
PART ONE

Hello all of you fine people out there! 
I pray all of you are better then I as I still struggle with pneumonia. It turned colder here where I am and I got to thinking about the Ice Age. I touched on this subject in earlier blogs but did not get into what ever happened to the great mammoths.
In this part, I’m going to break the discussion down into several categories for easier understanding; Design, Territories, and Instant Freeze (was there really one?). 
Design-The original elephant kind probably had little or no fur and hair. But they would have carried and passed down fur bearing genes even to the two elephant kinds that migrated onto the ark. Only a omniscient God would know and design animals to have such genes needed for adaptations many generations later. 
Territories-From hundreds of thousands of fossils and the few frozen remains, we know the woolly mammoths lived in the lowlands of Siberia, the Bering Strait region, Europe, and several other places. It is estimated that at least several million mammoths inhabited Siberia and Alaska alone. 
Instant freeze?-Most people have heard that intact carcasses of some mammoths contained partially digested food in their
stomachs and are found in standing positions, some with broken bones. First of all, only a dozen intact carcasses have been found standing upright. It is from these 12 carcasses that some scientists have claimed an unprecedented super-cell fast freeze had to have happened in order to preserve such stomach contents. These scientists are correct in one aspect. A freeze must have happened fairly quick for preservation to occur. But not a world wide super-freeze. 
The rest of mammoth carcasses (defined as any scrap of flesh and only about 90 of these scraps have been found) and bones— the vast majority (millions)— are buried and show extensive decay. But even the dozen intact carcasses show signs of decay. In the ice they looked well preserved however as soon as the ice was melted, they reeked of decaying flesh. Also fly pupae where discovered on the bodies of the other 90 carcasses. 
Then how could these few carcasses be in standing positions? Well, only five animals have been found in the standing positions (three mammoths and two wool rinos) and they were found in
Courtesy of Answers in Genesis
loess-dust storm deposits of permafrost.
Much like the American dust bowl, the climate change of dry and windy weather would have brought catastrophic dust storms. When one of these storms would occur, like any other creature these Ice Age animals would turn their backs to the fierce winds and the loess would pile up around them like snow does around a snow fence. At some point a few of these animals realized they were in trouble and tried to break free, even to the point where they broke their forelimbs.
Interestingly enough, all the animals standing upright died of either drowning or suffocation.  They were all found in river terraces and deltas associated with river flooding. The carcasses were buried on top of flood sediments, so they were
frozen in water and muck (a term for water mixed with surrounding debris, not glacial ice) at some time during the Ice Age, after the Great Global Deluge. The physical evidence suggests these mammoths were buried in water and muck (either before or after they died) and frozen fast enough to preserve them. Then the permafrost ‘grew’ up around them.
The last remaining ‘mystery’ is the partially digested food found in the mammoths stomachs. It is really rather simple. The elephant kind (of which mammoths belonged to) have a different digestive system than bovines do (or us for that matter). Their stomach has very little digestive acid or micro organisms. It is used mainly as a storage space. Most of the breakdown occurs within the elephants (mammoths) intestinal tract. Interestingly enough, partially preserved mastodons found in North America also contain incompletely digested foods in their stomach, but no one claims that these animals were quick frozen. Even more fascinating is the fact that the foods found in the mammoths stomach indicates different seasons of death that occurred.
It is reasonable to consider that mammoths and mastodons would still be alive today if the remaining animals were never hunted by humans. With the large termination of the beasts to the north and hunting pressure to the south, these amazing animals of the elephant kind were doomed to extinction. A sad but true event of history. A point of interest, “Some years back, creationist Ice Age researcher, Michael Oard, deduced that some woolly
mammoths (and other animals) would most likely have been asphyxiated by—believe it or not—violent Ice Age dust storms. n an article just published in the latest issue of the Journal of Creation, Oard goes on to tell how, at the time he made this prediction, no secular researchers considered Ice Age dust storms a possibility. Additionally, there was no evidence of Ice Age animals dying by suffocation. But recent analysis of two (separate) baby mammoths—with mud packed in oral cavities, nasal passages and lungs—appears to validate Oard's prediction. Researchers concluded that their deaths were caused by asphyxiating on dust or mud!”1

Make sure you read next week’s blog when I will divulge some very interesting facts about the Ice Age era including, wet deserts, disharmonious associations, and de-glaciation. 

The physical world always backs up Gods word because scripture is the unaltered truth!
Until next time take care and God bless,
Willow Dressel

References:


Monday, January 9, 2017

MURMURATION, STARLINGS, LIQUID MASS, BIRD FLIGHTS, #MURMURATION #CHRISTIAN #CREATION SCIENCE


WHAT IN THE WORLD IS MURMURATION?

Good day all of you out there! How are you all doing this week? I am slightly better but still have cough and am week from the pneumonia. But I am so thankful that little by little I am getting better. And I must thank all my friends out there who have been praying for my health.

What is murmuration? At many different sites throughout Europe (and anywhere there are starlings) tens of thousands or even millions of starlings gather together. If they are spooked by a predator they fly all together twisting and turning in amazing formations called murmuration. Murmuration is “a huge flock (of birds— starlings to be exact) that shape-shifts in the sky as if it were one swirling liquid mass. Often the behavior is sparked by the
presence of a predator like a hawk or peregrine falcon, and the flock's movement is based on evasive maneuvers. There is safety in numbers, so the individual starlings do not scatter, but rather are able to move as an intelligent cloud, feinting away from a diving raptor, thousands of birds changing direction almost simultaneously. The question that has had scientists stumped is how a bird, tens or hundreds of birds away from those nearest danger, sense the shift and move in unison?”1 (emphasis is my own). 

“Researchers can describe starlings’ motion with the equations of physics, not with biology. The flock behaves like a liquid at the critical moment when it turns into a gas, always on the edge and ready to change state at any second. But how does a whole flock of living creatures react to changes like a single organism?”2


Scientists discovered that the birds only react to those that are nearest it. Actually an individual bird is affected by it’s seven closest neighbors. “So one bird affects its seven closest neighbors, and each of those neighbors' movements affect their closest seven neighbors and on through the flock. This is how a flock is able to look like a twisting, morphing cloud with some parts moving in one direction at one speed and other parts moving at another direction and at another speed…Why seven? It's one of those numbers that just works in nature, and a systems-theoretic approach to studying starling flocks showed it. ‘Interacting with six or seven neighbors optimizes the balance between group
cohesiveness and individual effort,’ write the researchers. The exact workings of starling murmurations is something we have yet to fully understand…”3 

 One of those numbers that just works in nature? Intelligent cloud? How can these be acceptable science and the theory that an Intelligent Designer placed a code in the original DNA that would create this kind of behavior be not acceptable? 

So the question is, do you believe in numbers that just work? Or in a loving God who cares about his creation, and about you. We here on earth may never fully figure out how such a display works, but one day we will be able to ask the Creator Himself!

Until next time, God bless and take care,
Willow Dressel
PS IF you go to youtube and type in murmuration, you will be able to view some really beautiful clips.

References:

2Author unknown, Synchronized Starlings, Answers Magazine, January-February 2017 Vol. 12 No. 1, p22.