Sunday, May 24, 2015

mediums, familiar spirits, the dead, contacting the deceased, afterlife, ghosts


Good day everyone!

How has this past week been for you? I always pray for all you readers that you have blessed weeks. Sometimes the Lords even impresses upon me to pray about certain things like finances or health or spiritual warfare or safety that I believe one of you is going through. Since the Lord is all knowing it is easy for Him to impress upon anyone the urge to pray for any situation. But one thing I have never felt from the Lord is to contact a deceased person.

Just 10 days ago one of my co-workers passed away in her home. She was young, only 32 years old. We had a memorial for her at work and while that was taking place my boss, who is not a Christian, got a text from his wife. Later he shared with us what the text was about. His wife is a median and she had a “sense” that the young woman was contacting her and gave a description of her having been in a lot of pain (both emotional and physical), but was no longer in pain and that she was happy, warm and loved where she was at. 

Could this be true? Could my friend actually have been in contact with us from another dimension? Can we really talk to the dead? Well, believe it or not, the answer is yes. Scripture is clear about this as 1 Samuel 29:3-20 states; “Now Samuel was dead, and all
Israel had mourned for him and buried him in his own town of Ramah. Saul had expelled the mediums and spiritists from the land. The Philistines assembled and came and set up camp at Shunem, while Saul gathered all Israel and set up camp at Gilboa. When Saul saw the Philistine army, he was afraid; terror filled his heart. He inquired of the Lord, but the Lord did not answer him by
dreams or Urim or prophets. Saul then said to his attendants, ‘Find me a woman who is a medium, so I may go and inquire of her.’
“‘There is one in Endor,’ they said.
“So Saul disguised himself, putting on other clothes, and at night he and two men went to the woman. ‘Consult a spirit for me,’ he said, ‘and bring up for me the one I name.’
“But the woman said to him, ‘Surely you know what Saul has done. He has cut off the mediums and spiritists from the land. Why have you set a trap for my life to bring about my death?’
“Saul swore to her by the Lord, ‘As surely as the Lord lives, you will not be punished for this.Then the woman asked, ‘Whom shall I bring up for you?’
“‘Bring up Samuel,’ he said.
“When the woman saw Samuel, she cried out at the top of her voice and said to Saul, ‘Why have you deceived me? You are Saul!’
“The king said to her, ‘Don’t be afraid. What do you see?’
“‘The woman said, ‘I see a ghostly figure[a] coming up out of the earth.’
“‘What does he look like?’ he asked.
“‘An old man wearing a robe is coming up,’ she said.
“Then Saul knew it was Samuel, and he bowed down and prostrated himself with his face to the ground. Samuel said to Saul, ‘Why have you disturbed me by bringing me up?’
“‘I am in great distress,’ Saul said. ‘The Philistines are fighting against me, and God has departed from me. He no longer answers me, either by prophets or by dreams. So I have called on you to tell me what to do.’
“Samuel said, ‘Why do you consult me, now that the Lord has departed from you and become your enemy? The Lord has done what he predicted through me. The Lord has torn the kingdom out of your hands and given it to one of your neighbors—to David. Because you did not obey the Lord or carry out his fierce wrath against the Amalekites, the Lord has done this to you today. The Lord will deliver both Israel and you into the hands of the Philistines, and tomorrow you and your sons will be with me. The Lord will also give the army of Israel into the hands of the Philistines.”
“Immediately Saul fell full length on the ground, filled with fear because of Samuel’s words. His strength was gone, for he had eaten nothing all that day and all that night.”

This is a pretty powerful historical event. It is an actual recording of someone being summoned from the afterlife, what he said and what he predicted. It also proves there is an after life. “There are many (others) who believe that the personality of the deceased persists in disembodied form, perhaps as a ghost. Such a belief is found widely in animistic cultures, but also in China and many ancient nations. Witness the many tales of haunted houses and the like, even in ‘Christian’ countries.
“There are many ‘spiritualistic churches’ professing a diluted form of Christianity and led by ‘mediums' who claim to have the ability to communicate with departed family members or others. In recent years, numerous ‘New Age’ cults have also risen, many of which involve ‘channelers’ who receive ‘revelations,’ either from dead ancestors or from other kinds of spirits. It is significant that all such concepts of immortality assume that only the soul/spirit survives at death; the body is dead and that's the end of it.”1

So now the question becomes…should we be contacting the dead? What harm can it do, right? They were our loved ones after all…Well, you might be surprised what God has to say about it. 
As for my deceased co-worker… my husband pointed it that the “contact” was so generic that it was more like a horoscope or fortune cookie prediction. And although there were some details I haven't mentioned that did match my friend, they could have also matched many other people.
We’ll look into what God has to say about mediums next week. 

Until next time, God bless and take care!
Willow Dressel

This week in the night skies: First quarter moon is May 25  for the northern lats and on the 26 for the southern lats. Also for the northern lats, “Wednesday, May 27 Action at Jupiter. Ganymede and Io both cast their tiny (but unequal) black shadows onto Jupiter's face tonight from 10:01 p.m. EDT to 12:18 a.m. EDT. Meanwhile, Jupiter's Great Red Spot crosses the planet's central meridian around 10:46 p.m. EDT.”2
For the southern lats, “Comet C/2015 G2 MASTER is climbing in the evening sky fading as it goes. It should be just below magnitude 6,  but with the waxing Moon nearby it is best viewed with binoculars and telescopes. In binoculars and modest telescopes the comet will be a fuzzy blob, high power  telescopes may show the thin tail seen in astrophotographs, although the Moon makes that unlikley. The comet will move up through Canis Major towards Canis Minor this week.”3



Sunday, May 17, 2015

Water cycle, hydrologic cycle, vapors ascending, waters above, rain, oceans


Hi everyone!

How are you? I have had a good week working hard at my job at the little zoo and keeping up with everything else. But sometimes I have too much going on and don’t remember what I am doing or what I have done. Like the time I left the water on in the horse trough and there was a lake in the pasture by the time my husband came home a few hours later. Yikes! At least it wasn't a waste because the water did soak in and give my neighbors trees a drink!

But speaking of water…how much do you know (or remember from school) about water? Water is an amazing feature of our world, without it all life would cease on our planet. Did you know the water cycle is mentioned three times in scripture? Psalm 135:7 states “He makes clouds rise from the ends of the earth; He sends lightning with the rain and brings out the wind from his storehouses.(NIV version)” and in the King James Version
it reads “He causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth; He maketh lightnings for the rain; He bringeth the wind out
of his treasuries.” Also in Jeremiah 10:13 scripture states When he
uttereth his voice, there is a multitude of waters in the heavens, and he causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth; he maketh lightnings with rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasures.” and again in Jeremiah 51:16 “When he uttereth his voice, there is a multitude of waters in the heavens; and he causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth: he maketh lightnings with rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasures.”

Wow! Virtually the same statement mentioned three times in the
Bible. Anytime anything is repeated in scripture we ought to take note, for I believe God is trying to get our attention so we understand the importance of that particular subject. And the hydrologic cycle (the cycle water moves through on earth) is extremely important. “In order to provide rain to water the earth, there must be vapors ascending all over the earth (that is, evaporation from the world’s great oceans), winds then blowing from God’s unseen treasury (which God put into place using global atmospheric circulation), and, finally, lightnings for (or “‘with’) the rain (electrical discharges associated with the condensation and coalescence of
particles of water vapor in the atmosphere). All of this repeatedly transports purified waters from the ocean back over the lands to fall
as rain and snow, there finally to run off back to the oceans after performing their life-sustaining ministries on the lands.”1 Ecclesiastes 1:7 states this clearly “Unto the place from whence the rivers come, thither they return again.” 

And all of this was written thousands of years before modern scientists began to understand the hydrologic cycle. It seems there are two important factors concerning this; First, ancient man was a lot smarter than modern anthropologists give credit for, and second, all scripture is God -breathed (meaning God dictated the writings) so God not only knew about the hydrologic cycle but created it! The proof is in scripture written thousands of year ago!

The hydrologic cycle is so important that God actually compares His word to it in Isaiah 55 10:11; “For as the rain cometh down, and the snow from heaven, and returneth not thither, but watereth the earth,…So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please”

Until next time, God bless and take care!
Willow Dressel

This week in the night skies; For the northern lats, “Three doubles under Saturn. Once Saturn has risen well up in the southeast in late evening, examine the little star 2° below it. That's Beta (β) Scorpii, a fine double star for telescopes. Another 1° below that is the very wide naked-eye pair Omega1 and Omega2 Scorpii, nearly vertical and a little too faint for the scene at the top of this page. Binoculars show their slight color difference. Left or lower left of Beta by 1.6° is Nu Scorpii, another fine telescopic double. High power in good seeing reveals Nu's brighter component itself to be a close binary, separation 2 arcseconds.”2

For the southern lats… an Aurora watch alert tonight for the Australia area and tonight and tomorrow for the South American area! This is “due to an anticipated impact from glancing blow from a Coronal Mass Ejection interacting with a coronal hole solar wind stream. This could translate into aurora at any time during the night time of the 17th to early morning 18th.  Aurora, if they flare up tonight, are likely to be seen only in Tasmania (possibly Victoria). Aurora can occur at any time after nightfall (although around midnight or just after seems to be common). Dark sky sites have the best chance of seeing anything, and always allow around 5 minutes for your eyes to become dark adapted.As always look to the south for shifting red/green glows, beams have been reported consistently over the last few aurora and a large green "blob" has been seen.”3

And for everyone…New moon on monday the 18th. This should help for the southern aurora viewers!

1Institute for Creation Research, Days of Praise, Daily Bible Reading and Devotional Commentaries, March*April*May 2015. Copyright 2015. pg Saturday, May 16.

Monday, May 11, 2015



Hi everyone!

How are you all doing out there? I hope all you mothers had a wonderful mothers day yesterday. For those of you who don’t live in the USA, our country takes one day out of the year to celebrate motherhood. It is a joyous occasion where our children express their gratitude for all the hard work us mothers have done throughout the year.

And speaking of mothers, we often have to have tough or ‘thick’ skin to survive all the hurts and fears of motherhood. But what exactly is our skin and what does it do?

Our skin is amazing, only a few millimeters (less than a ¼ of an inch thick) on average it is what protects us from all the dangers the outside world throws our way. It protects us from harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun as well as closes and heals over wounds inflicted to its layers protecting us from blood loss and infections. Our skin is also the largest organ of our body weighing about 10 pounds (4.5 kg) in the average sized adult. It covers the entire surface of our bodies including, believe it our not, our eyes. The skin covering our eyes is transparent, having a different DNA code than the rest of our skin. 

Our skin is marvelously highly resistant to water, grows hair which can help with both cooling and warming our bodies, and is constantly in repair of itself. “Every minute we lose about 30 to 40 thousand dead skin cells from the surface of our skin, which equals about 9 pounds of dead cells every year! The outer cells can’t fall off too quickly, however. If cell loss exceeded cell production by only a few percent, we would quickly lose our stratum corneum (outer layer of skin) and die. Amazingly, cell loss precisely matches cell production.”1 We pretty much get a whole ‘new’ skin every 28 days!

It also can regulate our body’s temperature by controlling how much heat reaches the skin’s surface by filling the small blood vessels near the surface to dissipate heat. In addition, “We have about three million sweat glands in our skin that can secrete up to about three quarts of sweat per hour. Sweat, which is largely water, evaporates off the surface of our skin, giving a cooling effect.”2

“A piece of your skin about the size of a small coin and only three millimetres ( less than 1/8 inch) thick contains about 240 sweat glands, 35 oil-producing glands, two metres (seven feet) of blood vessels, 25 hair follicles, nine metres (30 feet) of nerves, and hundreds of nerve endings. All of these work together perfectly, doing their various duties continually.”

In addition our skin and most of the animals’ skins are strong and flexible. Some animals even have hard skins such as turtles, tortoises, crocodiles and alligators, rhinoceroses, etc. 

Could all of this have evolved through environmental pressures and natural selection? The answer is no. Remember macro evolution is supposedly achieved through
mutations. But remember what mutations does to DNA? All mutation save one (the Harlem mutation) are detrimental causing a loss or rearrangement of DNA information which always results in some type of disfunction. 

Only a supernatural Intelligent Designer could have created such a complex organ that interacts so intricately with the rest of the body in every second of the day. We tend to take our skin for granted so the next time you pray, let’s give our gratitude to the Lord for designing such a protective, regenerating organ that works so hard for us all year!

Until next time, God bless, and take care
Willow Dressel

This week in the night skies; for the northern lats; “Summer is more than a month away, but the Summer Triangle is making its appearance in the east, one star after another. The first in view is Vega. It's already sparkling in the northeast as twilight fades. Next up is Deneb, lower left of Vega by two or three fists at arm's length. It's in view by the time nightfall is complete, depending on your latitude. The third is Altair, which shows up far to Vega's lower right after 11 p.m.”4
For everyone; “The Last Quarter Moon is Monday May 11. The Moon is at perigee, when it is closest to the Earth, on the 15th.”5 


Sunday, May 3, 2015



Hi guys! How has your week been? Mine has been a blessing as always. My adopted daughter just had her baby boy…that makes number 5 grandson for me! And all this excitement has me wired!

Speaking of wired (lol!), we are going to delve into the nervous system today. “The nervous system is composed of two parts: the central nervous system, which is the control centre comprising the brain and the spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system, which consists of nerves connecting other parts of the body to the control centre. Via a combination of electrical and chemical processes, the nervous system is used to control the functioning of the entire human body. Scientists inherently acknowledge that the nervous system is built according to an electrical design. The
Neuron with synapses (electrical discharge).
scientific literature describing the nervous system is replete with references 
to electrical 
 theory and electrical
devices that man uses today. Such references include technical words like batteries, transducers, motors, pumps, calculators, transmitters, electrochemical potential, circuitry, binary system, current, resistance, voltage, capacitance, charge. The difficulty of describing the nervous system without resorting to such language implies the Creator’s understanding prior to man’s electrical inventions.”1

“The basic building block of the nervous system is the nerve cell, called a neuron. The brain itself consists primarily of neurons. Under a microscope a neuron looks like an octopus with many
tentacles. A neuron can transmit an electrical impulse to the next neuron (see How do our nerves transmit information?). The network of electrical impulses enables us to receive information from the physical world and then send it to our brains, and
vice versa. Without the neuron circuits our bodies would completely shut down, like turning off the power supply to a city.”2

But how does our brain get the information to begin with. Humans and most of the animal kingdom receive information from our five senses; sight, sound, taste, touch, and smell. Once something from these five senses comes to us it is relayed using sensory receptor cells which change this form of energy into electrical signals. There are different receptor cells for each of the five senses. These receptor cells are “switched on”  or “off” according to the right conditions. The electrical pulses can range from 10 to 500 impulses per second depending on the intensity of the stimuli (a furry rabbit or a hot coal for example).

“To gain a true comprehension of the complexity of this circuitry, we must understand that co-ordination between neurons is essential. The computations required for such co-ordination are enormous. “There may be from ten trillion to one hundred trillion synapses [i.e. connections between neurons] in the brain, and each one operates as a tiny calculator that tallies signals arriving as electrical pulses.” [Emphasis added.] Thus, messages to and from
the brain are relayed, moving from one neuron to another.
“It is difficult to understand how anyone can believe that the nervous system, particularly the brain, could have been produced by evolutionary randomness and selection. We have barely touched on some of the electrical design present in the rest of the body. The truth is that scientists are always discovering more about its workings, since its complexity, which far surpasses anything produced by man, is nothing short of a miracle. Truly we can say with David, “I will praise You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made; Your works are marvellous and my soul knows it very well” (Psalm 139:14).”3

The nervous system is so much more complicated than the brief description above. But it all boils down to intelligent design. Which of course means there had to have been an Intelligent Designer! But then, isn’t that what history tells us?

Until next time, take care and God bless,
Willow Dressel

This week in the night skies: For everyone, full moon is Tues, May 4th. In the southern Hemisphere, “The eta Aquariids meteor shower, the debris from Halleys comet, will peak on May 6 UT . However, good rates will be seen from Australia on the mornings of the 7th and 8th.”4


Monday, April 27, 2015



Hey everyone! Hows it going out there? Super fine and super busy for me and my family! My adopted daughter is about to have her baby, we are helping our adopted son to find work, church life is busy, and there is all the outside work associated with spring weeds and all the beautiful spring flowers are coming up…so much to do and see!

And what makes all of this as easy as possible? Being able to see with our amazing eyes. Let’s take a deeper look at what our eyes and the eyes of other creatures can do…

Our eyes are an organ that reacts to light and has several different functions. This includes vision differentiations such as light perception, color distinctness and depth perception. Dr. George Marshall, Ph.D. in Ophthalmic Science at Glasgow stated for the March-May 1996 Creation magazine, “The more I study the human eye, the harder it is to believe that it evolved. Most people
Dr. Marshal, a researcher of eye
diseases from the University of
Glasglow, Scottland (photo from AIG)
see the miracle of sight. I see a miracle of complexity on viewing things at 100,000 times magnification. It is the perfection of this complexity that causes me to baulk at evolutionary theory…The retina is probably the most complicated tissue in the whole body. Millions of nerve cells interconnect in a fantastic number of ways to form a miniature ‘brain’. Much of what the photoreceptors ‘see’ is interpreted and processed by the retina long before it enters the brain.” To put in simple terms, our eyes actually function much like a digital camera.
For example:

“1. Light is focused primarily by the cornea—the clear front surface of the eye which acts like a camera lens.
“2. The iris (colored parted of the eye surrounding the pupil) functions like the diaphragm of a camera, controlling the amount of light reaching the back of the eye by automatically adjusting the size of the pupil (by dilation-like an aperture in a camera).
“3. The eye’s crystalline lens is located directly behind the pupil and further focuses light. Through a process called accommodation, this lens helps the eye automatically focus on near and approaching objects, like an autofocus camera lens (and helps us with depth perception).
“4. Light focused by the cornea and crystalline lens (and limited by the iris and pupil) then reaches the retina—the light-sensitive interlining of the back of the eye. The retina acts like an electronic image sensor of a digital camera, converting optical images into electronic signals. The optic nerve then transmits these signals to the visual cortex—the part of the brain that controls our sense of sight.”1
and 5. Cones are a type of photoreceptor that are tiny cells in the retina (the sensory membrane that lines the back and sides of the eye receiving images then converting the images to  signals that reach the brain via the optic nerve). These cones (an amazing 6 to 7 million mostly concentrated on a 0.3 millimeter spot on the retina) pick up reflected light from everything we see and sends off singles that the brain then interprets as varying shades of colors. 

As a matter of fact us humans can see about 7,000,000 shades of color. Amazing! That’s because we have three different types of cones. But as fantastic as that is, some animals have us beat. Many birds and fish possess four types of cones which allows them to see ultraviolet light—a wavelength shorter
Depiction of a bird’s eye
than visible light. Hmmm, now aren’t humans supposed to be at the top of the evolutionary chain? Then how can birds and fish, which by the evolutionary tree definition, are less developed than humans, have more complicated and better eyes than us?

What birds see that we don’t!

Oh…and then there are the insects, another much lower branch of the evolutionary tree. They too can see the ultraviolet spectrum enabling them to see patterns of flowers which are completely invisible to us. Why wouldn’t the most highly “evolved creatures” (humans) have ultraviolet vision? After all, it certainly would make it easier for us to avoid flowers with ultraviolet patterns that attract bees. And considering 8 percent of humans are highly (fatally) allergic to bee stings and another 32 percent are allergic on some
level don’t you think ultraviolet vision would have continued from “our fish ancestors” so we could avoid bees that can kill us? But since us humans don’t have four cones in our eyes, it raises another question.
Why weren’t those highly allergic humans weeded out of our “higher evolved” population? I have a reasonable answer. Humans didn’t evolve. As a matter of fact, nothing evolved on a macro scale. Fish did not eventually evolve into humans and therefore could not have passed on their fourth-cone-ultraviolet-seeing DNA. We were designed and created by an intelligent Designer who in his infinite wisdom deemed that mankind did not need ultraviolet vision. 

Until next week, God bless and take care,
Willow Dressel

This week in the night skies; For the southern skies there has been some geomagnetic activity this past week which produces auroras…keep your eyes open because there may be more nights of this. Also you may still be able to see a few lingering Lyrid meteors. "The Lyrids, the debris of comet C/1861 G1 (Thatcher) are a weak but reliable shower that occurs every year between April 16- April 25, with the peak this year around 24 hrs UT on April 22.”2

For the northern hemisphere; "Monday, April 27 The waxing gibbous Moon shines under Regulus this evening, as shown here.
Among Jupiter's moons, telescope users in the western half of North America can watch the shadow of Io eclipse Europa from 10:59 to 11:02 p.m. PDT. At mid-eclipse, Europa will be dimmed by 1.4 magnitudes.
(Now that Jupiter is far from opposition, we see shadows in the Jovian system falling far enough sideways that an eclipsed satellite and its eclipser appear widely separated in a telescope's view. So we can see the eclipsed satellite dimming by itself, uncontaminated by the light of the eclipser. The tables in Sky & Telescope for these events presume that the two satellites appear blended and give their combined magnitude. See Bob King's article Catch the Last Best Antics of Jupiter’s Moons.)


Monday, April 20, 2015



Good afternoon all you good people out there! I have had and struggle this past week to get into the mode for productivity. Sometimes I just feel like I’m dragging along and can’t get into the swing of things!

Speaking of swinging, this week we are going to look into the differences between a knuckle walking ape, arboreal (tree
swinging) apes, and total bipedalism (walking upright) such as us humans do, and how all that comes into play with the “missing link species” presented as fact to the world.

So from the point of view from an evolutionist, half-ape/half-human transitional forms needed to have their hands free for other uses. But that doesn’t make any sense because all the knuckle walkers currently proposed as candidates for human ancestors logically could not have been our ancestors because the knuckle walkers needed their hands for locomotion. Examples of missing links thought (or even still presented) as our ancestors that have since been reassigned to the primate family often include, extinct species of chimpanzees, gibbons and even gorillas.

Let’s take a look at just one such famous candidate; Lucy. Lucy,
Since there were no bones found
for Lucy’s feet and hands, why
are they  depicted as human? This
is false information.
(Australopithecus afarensis), is often depicted as a very convincing missing link. But “Oddly enough, though, some of the most convincing evidence against Lucy’s proposed bipedalism comes not from her lower extremities but from her wrists. Evolutionists Brian Richmond and David Strait compared the skeletal morphology of living knuckle-walking primates to the bones of Australopithecus afarensis. Lucy’s
Lucy’s skeletion. The
v-shpaed jaw bone and
the pelvis indicate this
creature was a primate,
not human or something
in between.
bones show the features used to lock the wrist for secure knuckle-walking seen in modern knuckle-walkers.

“In addition to wrists designed for knuckle-walking, Richmond and Strait noted that Lucy also had neck, shoulder, arm, finger, and toe anatomy suited to arboreal life. They believed Lucy was adding bipedal abilities to her already efficient ‘repertoire consisting of terrestrial knuckle-walking, arboreal climbing and occasional suspensory activities, not unlike that observed in chimpanzees today.’ They question why such a creature would evolve bipedalism. Bipedal locomotion would likely make a forest creature more visible and vulnerable to predators. Thus, even if one were to accept Berge’s implications that a different kind of bipedalism had evolved in Lucy without loss of her arboreal abilities, one would
Take a look at the human wrist and finger bones…completely different. There is no other
“species” that has mankind’s skeleton. We are unique, just as God intended.
still need to explain how the simple addition of an upright walking posture would be selected as a survival advantage and retained by evolutionary pressures.”1 And all this from two evolutionist scientists! It’s good to see that at least some atheists are willing to look at fossils without pre-assumed bias and stick to the facts.
The depiction on the left labeled “Pan” is that of a

In addition a study by Kivell TL, & Schmitt D (2009) for the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America PMID: 19667206, show that “Gorillas are physically larger than chimpanzees, so it might be expected that
they would have more rigid wrists that would help stabilize them as they walked around on their knuckles. This is not what Kivell and Schmitt found. Not only did gorillas have a much greater range of wrist motion than chimpanzees, but it was the chimpanzees that had adaptations in their wrists to increase stability. Despite being more terrestrial and knuckle-walking on the ground more often gorillas actually showed fewer “classic” knuckle-walking adaptations in their wrist bones than chimpanzees did! 

“As Kivell and Schmitt note, gorillas and chimpanzees are not the
Gorilla knuckle-walking
same when it comes to knuckle-walking. It seems that gorillas have more wrist flexibility because they hold their lower arms and wrists in a columnar fashion which gives them the support they need. Chimpanzees, on the other hand, bend their wrists backwards in an “extended” position when supporting themselves on their knuckles, and their range of motion is restricted by the shape of the wrist bones. Why do gorillas and chimpanzees differ in this way?

“Surprisingly, some of the “knuckle-walking features” of the chimpanzee wrist are seen in arboreal, quadrupedal primates. It may be, then, that the traits of the chimpanzee wrist commonly associated with knuckle-walking are actually adaptations to climbing in the trees. Perhaps, the authors hypothesize, this is because the primates that exhibit this wrist-limiting morphology extend their wrists to grasp with their hands while moving on all fours in trees. If they are correct the wrist
Skeleton of a gorilla hand. Note the finger bones
themselves are curved, not just the hand.
morphology of chimpanzees may have more to do with what the apes do in the trees than what they do on the ground.”

All of the proposed missing human links have features that show they were either knuckle walking/arboreal apes or humans. Only true humans have human wrists and knuckle/finger bones. Imagine that. You could almost think everything was intelligently designed! Lol!

Until next week, God bless, and take care!
Willow Dressel

This week in the night skies: The new moon was last night, so look for a very slime crescent in the skies tonight. For all of you who have missed the equinox…it was exactly one month ago today (March 20th). Also for all of you living south of the equator, there have been a lot of aurora alerts this past two weeks.I recommend  for fairly good, up-to-date info on that.


Monday, April 13, 2015



God morning!

We are having another fine and beautiful day here where I live. What a wonderful time of the year—not too hot and not too cold for these old bones! I love it!

What, you may be asking, do bones have to do with the bible? Well, for one when God created us and also all vertebrates He created bones. But there is one bone actually mentioned by name in scripture. You guessed it, the rib; “And God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and He took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof.” Genesis 2:21

There has been some misconceptions surrounding this bit of history so let’s clear those up first. I know there is a belief out there that the word rib actually means “side” and “curved”. Therefore some say God did not take an actual rib but rather the curved spiral of DNA from Adam to make Eve. Well, if you look up the Hebrew word for rib in Genesis 2:21, it is tzalelot and can be translated either way—ribs or sides. However Hebrew words pick up precise meaning from the context of the sentence or paragraph. If you continue reading into Genesis 2:22 (still the same sentence by the way), it reads; “and the rib, which God had taken from Adam…” This time the Hebrew word is tzela which translates to rib. Not side or curved, just rib. So there is no doubt God is speaking of a rib bone.

The other belief about ribs is that men have one less rib than women. Or if not all men, at least Adam did. Well since ribs are one of the most, if not the most interesting bones in our bodies, let’s see if this could be true. The easiest way to figure this out is to count your ribs, then count the ribs of someone you know who is the opposite sex. You will quickly discover the number of ribs is the same. “The number of ribs is determined by the code written in our DNA. God did not change Adam’s DNA; He simply removed one of his ribs to use for the creation of the woman. Thus, all men descended from Adam (and Eve) would have 12 pairs of ribs, even if Adam had one less rib. The same could be said for a man who loses his leg due to an
accident. Would all his children only have one leg? Of course not—the man’s DNA that codes for two legs has not changed.”1 

So how come Adam didn’t have one less rib? After all, God did take a rib from him. Well, as you know if you ever had anything broken, bones can repair themselves. Within a month your bones with knit together to form a solid structure again. But of all the bones in our body, there is only one that can regenerate itself. You guessed it…our rib bones! As a matter of fact, “Ribs are commonly removed during surgeries that require bone grafts in other parts of the body. The rib
is removed from the periosteum (a tissue surrounding the bone) much like a banana would be removed from its peel while keeping most of the peel intact. The periosteum must remain, as it contains osteoblasts which build the new rib bone.”2

Besides this amazing feature, “The function of ribs is threefold. First, they provide protection for the lungs and heart. The ribs more or less form a “cage” around these very important organs. Second, they are one of the few bones that continue to make red marrow (and thus blood cells) in the adult. Third, they serve as attachment points for chest muscles involved in respiration.”3  

God and His infinite wisdom knew all of this and much, much more when He worked on His amazing creations of the universe. Sometimes I feel like a little child looking at awe at the world around me. There is just so much to wonder about…

Until next time, God bless and get out there and enjoy His beautiful creations!
Willow Dressel

This week in the night skies; “Friday, April 17 Callisto occults Ganymede among Jupiter's moons. Dark Callisto crosses in front of Ganymede from 9:27 to 9:37 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time. Their combined light will dim by 1.0 magnitude during the middle of this time. Start watching early to see them moving together into a blend. See Bob King's article Catch the Last Best Antics of Jupiter’s Moons.”4 Make it all one day earlier for Australia and New Zealand and anyone in that area.