Monday, January 16, 2017

MAMMOTHS, ICE AGE, WOOLLY MAMMOTHS, PERMAFROST, SIBERIA, MICHAEL OARD, #CHRISTIAN #CREATION SCIENCE # MAMMOTH #ICE AGE


WHAT EVERY HAPPENED TO THE MAMMOTH?
PART ONE

Hello all of you fine people out there! 
I pray all of you are better then I as I still struggle with pneumonia. It turned colder here where I am and I got to thinking about the Ice Age. I touched on this subject in earlier blogs but did not get into what ever happened to the great mammoths.
In this part, I’m going to break the discussion down into several categories for easier understanding; Design, Territories, and Instant Freeze (was there really one?). 
Design-The original elephant kind probably had little or no fur and hair. But they would have carried and passed down fur bearing genes even to the two elephant kinds that migrated onto the ark. Only a omniscient God would know and design animals to have such genes needed for adaptations many generations later. 
Territories-From hundreds of thousands of fossils and the few frozen remains, we know the woolly mammoths lived in the lowlands of Siberia, the Bering Strait region, Europe, and several other places. It is estimated that at least several million mammoths inhabited Siberia and Alaska alone. 
Instant freeze?-Most people have heard that intact carcasses of some mammoths contained partially digested food in their
stomachs and are found in standing positions, some with broken bones. First of all, only a dozen intact carcasses have been found standing upright. It is from these 12 carcasses that some scientists have claimed an unprecedented super-cell fast freeze had to have happened in order to preserve such stomach contents. These scientists are correct in one aspect. A freeze must have happened fairly quick for preservation to occur. But not a world wide super-freeze. 
The rest of mammoth carcasses (defined as any scrap of flesh and only about 90 of these scraps have been found) and bones— the vast majority (millions)— are buried and show extensive decay. But even the dozen intact carcasses show signs of decay. In the ice they looked well preserved however as soon as the ice was melted, they reeked of decaying flesh. Also fly pupae where discovered on the bodies of the other 90 carcasses. 
Then how could these few carcasses be in standing positions? Well, only five animals have been found in the standing positions (three mammoths and two wool rinos) and they were found in
Courtesy of Answers in Genesis
loess-dust storm deposits of permafrost.
Much like the American dust bowl, the climate change of dry and windy weather would have brought catastrophic dust storms. When one of these storms would occur, like any other creature these Ice Age animals would turn their backs to the fierce winds and the loess would pile up around them like snow does around a snow fence. At some point a few of these animals realized they were in trouble and tried to break free, even to the point where they broke their forelimbs.
Interestingly enough, all the animals standing upright died of either drowning or suffocation.  They were all found in river terraces and deltas associated with river flooding. The carcasses were buried on top of flood sediments, so they were
frozen in water and muck (a term for water mixed with surrounding debris, not glacial ice) at some time during the Ice Age, after the Great Global Deluge. The physical evidence suggests these mammoths were buried in water and muck (either before or after they died) and frozen fast enough to preserve them. Then the permafrost ‘grew’ up around them.
The last remaining ‘mystery’ is the partially digested food found in the mammoths stomachs. It is really rather simple. The elephant kind (of which mammoths belonged to) have a different digestive system than bovines do (or us for that matter). Their stomach has very little digestive acid or micro organisms. It is used mainly as a storage space. Most of the breakdown occurs within the elephants (mammoths) intestinal tract. Interestingly enough, partially preserved mastodons found in North America also contain incompletely digested foods in their stomach, but no one claims that these animals were quick frozen. Even more fascinating is the fact that the foods found in the mammoths stomach indicates different seasons of death that occurred.
It is reasonable to consider that mammoths and mastodons would still be alive today if the remaining animals were never hunted by humans. With the large termination of the beasts to the north and hunting pressure to the south, these amazing animals of the elephant kind were doomed to extinction. A sad but true event of history. A point of interest, “Some years back, creationist Ice Age researcher, Michael Oard, deduced that some woolly
mammoths (and other animals) would most likely have been asphyxiated by—believe it or not—violent Ice Age dust storms. n an article just published in the latest issue of the Journal of Creation, Oard goes on to tell how, at the time he made this prediction, no secular researchers considered Ice Age dust storms a possibility. Additionally, there was no evidence of Ice Age animals dying by suffocation. But recent analysis of two (separate) baby mammoths—with mud packed in oral cavities, nasal passages and lungs—appears to validate Oard's prediction. Researchers concluded that their deaths were caused by asphyxiating on dust or mud!”1

Make sure you read next week’s blog when I will divulge some very interesting facts about the Ice Age era including, wet deserts, disharmonious associations, and de-glaciation. 

The physical world always backs up Gods word because scripture is the unaltered truth!
Until next time take care and God bless,
Willow Dressel

References:


Monday, January 9, 2017

MURMURATION, STARLINGS, LIQUID MASS, BIRD FLIGHTS, #MURMURATION #CHRISTIAN #CREATION SCIENCE


WHAT IN THE WORLD IS MURMURATION?

Good day all of you out there! How are you all doing this week? I am slightly better but still have cough and am week from the pneumonia. But I am so thankful that little by little I am getting better. And I must thank all my friends out there who have been praying for my health.

What is murmuration? At many different sites throughout Europe (and anywhere there are starlings) tens of thousands or even millions of starlings gather together. If they are spooked by a predator they fly all together twisting and turning in amazing formations called murmuration. Murmuration is “a huge flock (of birds— starlings to be exact) that shape-shifts in the sky as if it were one swirling liquid mass. Often the behavior is sparked by the
presence of a predator like a hawk or peregrine falcon, and the flock's movement is based on evasive maneuvers. There is safety in numbers, so the individual starlings do not scatter, but rather are able to move as an intelligent cloud, feinting away from a diving raptor, thousands of birds changing direction almost simultaneously. The question that has had scientists stumped is how a bird, tens or hundreds of birds away from those nearest danger, sense the shift and move in unison?”1 (emphasis is my own). 

“Researchers can describe starlings’ motion with the equations of physics, not with biology. The flock behaves like a liquid at the critical moment when it turns into a gas, always on the edge and ready to change state at any second. But how does a whole flock of living creatures react to changes like a single organism?”2


Scientists discovered that the birds only react to those that are nearest it. Actually an individual bird is affected by it’s seven closest neighbors. “So one bird affects its seven closest neighbors, and each of those neighbors' movements affect their closest seven neighbors and on through the flock. This is how a flock is able to look like a twisting, morphing cloud with some parts moving in one direction at one speed and other parts moving at another direction and at another speed…Why seven? It's one of those numbers that just works in nature, and a systems-theoretic approach to studying starling flocks showed it. ‘Interacting with six or seven neighbors optimizes the balance between group
cohesiveness and individual effort,’ write the researchers. The exact workings of starling murmurations is something we have yet to fully understand…”3 

 One of those numbers that just works in nature? Intelligent cloud? How can these be acceptable science and the theory that an Intelligent Designer placed a code in the original DNA that would create this kind of behavior be not acceptable? 

So the question is, do you believe in numbers that just work? Or in a loving God who cares about his creation, and about you. We here on earth may never fully figure out how such a display works, but one day we will be able to ask the Creator Himself!

Until next time, God bless and take care,
Willow Dressel
PS IF you go to youtube and type in murmuration, you will be able to view some really beautiful clips.

References:

2Author unknown, Synchronized Starlings, Answers Magazine, January-February 2017 Vol. 12 No. 1, p22.

Monday, January 2, 2017

DINOSAUR FEATHERS, AMBER, DIP-V-15103, Lida Xing, MYANMAR, FEATHERED THEROPOD, #CHRISTIAN #CREATION SCIENCE #DINOSAUR FEATHERS #DIP-V-15103

Courtesy of Answers in Genesis

THE LATEST DINO NEWS

Greetings all you fine people out there! I hope and pray that you all had a very Merry Christmas and a great, Lord honoring new year’s celebration. My daughter and I reviewed the entire year and though there were some great hardships, there were also great blessings. And so I pray blessings upon blessing for you this new year.

Speaking of new, I would like to share the latest news on dinosaurs. In December, 2016, CNN,  and the journals of Science, Current Biology , and Nature Communications, all released articles on a new “discovery”; that a dinosaur tail with feathers had been trapped in ancient sap, now turned to amber. “It should be noted that the fossil is not a whole dinosaur tail, but rather only a small piece of a tiny feathered tail measuring about 1.4 inches in length and containing 8 vertebrae, each about the size of a grain of rice! It is
estimated that this would make this presumed relative of T. rex about the size of a sparrow. The tail piece is undoubtedly covered with tiny feathers that are essentially identical to those of modern birds, but is this in fact a dinosaur tail rather than a bird tail? The feathered tail specimen known as DIP-V-15103 was discovered by Chinese paleontologist Lida Xing while shopping in an amber market in Myanmar (formerly Burma). He purchased a piece of Myanmar Mid-Cretaceous amber that contained a tiny feathered tail piece as well as various insects. Without knowing its in situ origin, right away, ‘he knew he had something special’ and declared it to be the tail from a 99-million-year-old feathered theropod (bipedal) dinosaur. Had it merely been a piece of bird tail with feathers, it would have been of only passing interest. But a real dinosaur with undisputed feathers clearly attached to the tail is a very different matter.”1

Answers in Genesis’ David Menton did a great job of critically examining the evidence published by Xing et al.

First, no modern birds have long bony tails, feathered or otherwise. 

Second, no dinosaur fossils contain bird feathers. The only animal that has a long tail with feathers attached are extinct birds such as Archaeoptryx (which, by the ways, has long since been classified as a true bird and not a transitional form).

Third, the tail fragment in the amber is only 1.4 inches long and contains only eight vertebrae that appears to be from somewhere in the middle of the tail  (scientists believe that the tail contained a total of 15-25 vertebrae). Extinct bird fossils contain vertebrae that is fused near the terminal end. Dinosaurs don’t. So these scientists claim the tail fragment belonged to a theropod dinosaur. Two big problems; the tail fragment in amber was of the middle portion of the tail; and no known dinosaur has feathers. Very shaky grounds to conclude the tail fragment belonged to a dinosaur.

Fourth, the paired arrangement of DIO-V-15103’s feathers in linear rows is similar to feather tracts and tail feathers in modern birds. 

Five, the feathers trapped in amber are nearly identical to modern bird feathers even though Xing et al., refered to the feathers as ‘primitive plumage’. “But the only ‘primitive’ feature mentioned is that the rachis (central shaft) of the feathers is somewhat thinner than that of most modern feathers. Indeed, they claim that the rachis is no thicker than the branching barbs, but this is not at all evident in examining their published photographs. In fact, each feather of DIP-V-15103 has a well-developed rachis with barbs and barbules. This contrasts sharply with the nebulous fine filaments (dino fuzz) that have been referred to as “feathers” or “proto feathers” in non-avian dinosaurs (most evolutionists consider birds to be dinosaurs, but real dinosaurs are referred to as non-avian dinosaurs, while real birds are referred to as avian dinosaurs).”2

Six, “As in the case of Archaeopteryx, the calamus (quill) of the feathers appears to attach either on or near the tail vertebrae. The important issue here is the very low weight of the tail. In contrast, theropod dinosaurs had heavy muscular tails that balanced the weight of the dinosaur while walking on two legs.”3 So if this creature had really been a dino-bird, it would have fallen on its face because there would not have been enough weight in the rear to counteract the animals torso and head.

Seven, bird feathers grow out of deeply embedded follicles similar to hair follicles in humans. Dinosaur scales develop from the surface of the animal’s skin. DIP-V-15103’s feathers were attached either on or near the vertebrae. That is deep, certainly not on the surface skin.

Menton nicely concludes “that DIP-V-15103 is a bird, and not a 99-million-year-old theropod dinosaur. This is supported by the discovery of 99-million-year-old bird wings including bones and feathers found by Lida Xing et al. in the same type of Burmese amber as DIP-V-15103. I reject the age assigned to these fossils, but it shows that small birds, perhaps juveniles, left evidence of their unquestionably bird-like anatomy in Burmese amber. So where is the evolution?”4 And I couldn’t agree more.

Until next time, God bless and take care!
Willow Dressel

References:

1-4https://answersingenesis.org/dinosaurs/feathers/did-dinosaur-get-feathered-tail-caught-in-amber/

Monday, December 19, 2016

MERRY CHRISTMAS, MERRY, JESUS, BIRTH, VIRGIN #MERRY #CHRISTMAS # JESUS #CHRISTIAN


CHRISTMAS

Hello everyone!

I pray you all have been much better than I. This pneumonia is really taking a toll on me. I appreciate so much all your prayers, thank you! So on this Monday before Christmas, I want to give you a heart felt Merry Christmas!

What exactly does Merry Christmas or Merry gentlemen mean? As you might have suspected, it means happy. Here is what the AD1828 Merriam Webster dictionary states:

“1. Gay and noisy; jovial; exhilarated to laughter. Man is the merriest species of the creation. They drank and were merry with him. Gen.43.
2. Causing laughter or mirth; as a merry jest.
3. Brisk; as a merry gale. [This is the primary sense of the word.]
4. Pleasant; agreeable; delightful.”

In the past I have heard that “merry” in the old definition meant business like. Has anyone else heard something along those lines? Other than the third definition of being brisk, (which in 1828 meant “frisk, fresh, lively, active, gay” rather than brief or hurried as it does today) all definitions pertain to a happy state. 

So to have a Merry Christmas is to have a jovial, exhilarated, making gayety, frisk, fresh, lively and active Christmas. In other words, bring joy to others! And what better joy is there than the good news that Jesus has been born!

God bless, take care and MERRY CHRISTMAS!

Willow Dressel

PS for other blogs pertaining to Christmas please search my blog. Some examples are; ornaments, Christmas tree, the virgin Mary, and the Bethlehem star.

References:

https://www.1828.mshaffer.com/d/search/word

Monday, December 12, 2016

THREAT REVERSAL MIMICRY, MIMICRY, MOURNING DOVE, PREDITOR, PREY #CHRISTIAN #CREATION SCIENCE #MIMICRY


MIMICRY

Greetings everyone!

This will be a short blog. Why? Because I am not well, I just came from the doctors and found out I have pneumonia. I have been trying to hide being sick for the last two months but it finally caught up with me. I sure hope you all are faring better!

Speaking of hiding, have you ever heard of threat-reversal mimicry? It is really a simple but ingenious invention. During creation week, God made certain animal’s original DNA to contain what we call, threat-reversal mimicry. “This kind of shrewd trickery, if successful, reverses the roles of attacker and target. The target fools the attacker into actually fearing the target—and the nervy bluff deters the attack. The boldness of the vulnerable target in feigning readiness to attack the attacker is a brilliant reversal of predator-prey roles, but only if the prey successfully fakes out the predator.Such is ordinary life for the mourning dove (Zenaida macroura), which feeds on the ground and nests there or within shrubs, on buildings, or in trees—the same places where opportunistic and omnivorous rats, like Rattus rattus and Rattus norvegicus, roam for food. Consequently, dove eggs and hatchlings are sometimes vulnerable to prowling predatory rats. How can vulnerable mourning doves intimidate the neighborhood rats? God invented and installed a specialized acoustical mimicry that has benefitted countless doves generation after generation. Their doleful moanings (cooOOoo-woo-woo-woooo) sound sad to humans, like someone mourning. But to rats, that moaning sounds like an owl hooting—and owls eat rodents!1

Isn’t that fascinating? And now you know the rest of the story! I love God’s creations, they are never ending in their diversity!

God bless and take care,
Willow Dressel


References:

1http://www.icr.org/article/ghost-army



Monday, December 5, 2016

DE EXTINCTION, BARAMINOLOGIST, EXTINCT SPECIES, DINOSAUR, PASSENGER PIGEON, #DE EXTINCTION #CHRISTIAN #CREATION SCIENCE #PASSENGER PIGEON


DE-EXTINCTION?


Good day everyone!

How was everyone’s week? I pray all is well with you fine people out there. Did you enjoy last week’s blog? There’s so much miss-information out there on global warming its nice to know the truth. 

Speaking of information, there are fascinating studies going on in the scientific community. “Let’s look, for example, at the fairly new area of research known as de-extinction. Not too long ago, an article in Scientific American explained that researchers are attempting to take species closely related to extinct species and, using DNA from preserved specimens from institutions like museums and zoological societies, to reincorporate the missing DNA and recreate the extinct
species or a close equivalent.”1 Can you imagine mammoths or dinosaurs once again walking on this earth? 

The research is exciting but very complicated. “There are many hurdles to recreating a species, from sequencing the genome of current species, finding genetic samples of extinct species, splicing genes, culturing cells, and incubating and birthing enough specimens for them to continue the species on their own. Each hurdle may take decades to overcome, and that assumes that research money, laboratory space, and researchers are available to pursue the work…The problem is not just being able to regain a single species, but also having to regain the full spectrum of their habitat, including plants, other extinct animals, and anything else that would interact with that species to make its
survival plausible. This makes the task seem insurmountable. Their feeling is that the little information gained by these ventures would not warrant the amount of time and energy taken away from today’s conservation movement.”2 Not to mention a waste of money. 

But there seems to be another agenda behind the resurrection of extinct species. It seems secular scientists are looking for a way to prove evolution with this type of research. So does this leave creation scientists, Christians, out or does it go against our faith? Not by a long shot! Creation scientists who study created kinds are called baraminologists, and they have been conducting similar
studies for about as long as the secular scientists have. “Both areas of research are looking for what previous generations of organisms may have been like and how to get to those organisms from the organisms we presently have. Both methods of study are viable means of investigating this question because they both go back to the basic premise of genotype versus phenotype. An individual’s genotype is his entire genetic code. An individual’s phenotype is the result of that genetic code being expressed in proteins, which through billions of interactions create our physical bodies. This is not a one-for-one type of situation.
Though every cell in your body carries your complete DNA, every cell does not use the body’s entire genome. In many cases there is not a single gene that programs a single trait. Multiple genes work together to create, for example, your hair. Each one of these genes also has options (alleles); you get two options, one from each of your parents. Sometimes one option can hide another option, or they can both be visible as an average of the two, or one may exaggerate the effect of the other. Every individual carries these pieces of—from a physical point of view—hidden information. This is why we have so many different kinds of dogs. As we select genes for certain physical characteristics of dog breeds, we increase the likelihood of only getting certain alleles, and then those individuals no
Tasmanian wolf/tiger. The last one died in captivity in 1936
longer have the option of giving some of those previously hidden traits. We have lost information, which may or may not affect the physical appearance of an organism.”3


So, is this type of research something Christians can get behind and be involved in? Yes. For example, de-extinction research has primarily centered around the resurrection of the extinct passenger pigeon. “By studying this pigeon’s genetics and possibly being able to reintroduce the species into today’s
current populations, we may be able to open up a plethora of opportunities. What if this research leads to a cure for a disease ravaging today’s society, or to an animal that can thrive in hostile environment to provide a protein source for starving people? What if we find that these birds have a slightly different communication pattern, provoking the next big technological revolution? By reviving lost species we may gain the opportunity to see information that was previously lost to us.”4

It is a thrilling area of science and I for one will be keeping an excited eye on the outcome.

Until next time, God bless and take care!
Willow Dressel




References:

1-4https://answersingenesis.org/creation-science/why-bring-back-extinct-species/
All photos public domain

Monday, November 28, 2016

GLOBAL WARMING, CAGW, CATASTROPHIC ANTHROPOGENIC GLOBAL WARMING, LARRRY VARDIMAN, CARBON DIOXIDE, CO2, #GLOBAL WARMING #CHRISTIAN #CREATION SCIENCE # CAGW #CARBON DIOXIDE


GLOBAL WARMING  AND CAGW

Good day everyone!

Well, we have had our first snow here last night! It is all melting away now but this morning it was beautiful. And cold. So the first thing I did was build a fire so now it’s so cozy and warm. But if I don’t put the logs in just right, it will become a blazing heat in this room! lol!

Speaking of a blazing heat, what is going on with global warming, if anything? There has been a lot of debates and even scare talk about global warming and mankind’s contribution to it. And if it is real, is life on earth in trouble? So what’s the truth? 

CAGW stands for catastrophic anthropogenic global warming. In other words, global warming caused by humans. Many studies have been conducted since the late 1980’s. Scientist Larry Vardiman of the Institute for Creation Research-and someone I trust- did his own research analysis of three different datasets on the subject. He discovered that warming had probably occurred for at least the last 30 to 50 years. He also says, “…past warming is no indication that
Courtesy of Institute for Creation Research 
such warming will necessarily continue. In fact, there has been an apparent pause in this warming trend for the last 18 years. Nor does a warming trend automatically prove that human activity is responsible.”
1

Historical data also reveals that significant climate fluctuations that last for hundreds of years have indeed taken place in the past. As a matter of fact, “there have been two
significant changes in climate within the last thousand years—the Medieval Warm Period (roughly 950—1250 A.D.) and the Little Ice Age (roughly 1300—1850 A.D.).”2 The dates of these significant climate changes indicate that they occurred before humans could have been the cause. 

So what could be the cause of such climate changes? Three entities have influence on global climate; erupting volcanoes, the sun, and the ocean. A single erupting volcano can put out more atmospheric Co2 than all the carbon dioxide humans do worldwide. The sun can effect climate by affecting the number of cosmic rays (energetic protons) entering the atmosphere. The ocean can release CO2 in larger rates thus
increasing the temperature. 

Interestingly enough, secular scientists completely ignore this data. They even ignore the data that shows atmospheric CO2 parts per million (ppm) has been high in the past as well when humans would have had very little or no influence whatsoever. For example, today’s value is about 400 ppm. Something the secular scientists assume is an abnormal value. Data shows that atmospheric CO2 had high values around the years 1825, 1857, and 1942 with 1942’s value virtually the same as todays.

So where does all the fear come from? “Much of the alarmism surrounding this issue results from climate computer models that predict considerably higher
temperatures in the coming decades as a result of increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide…However, in the past these climate models have consistently overestimated the amount of future warming…Clearly, there are major disagreements between different models about any significant global warming. But the data accumulated thus far seem to support the models (hypotheses) predicting global warming of no more than 0.5°C through 2050.

“It should also be remembered that carbon dioxide was part of God’s “very good” creation (Genesis 1:31). Plants “breathe” carbon dioxide, and there is evidence that increased atmospheric carbon dioxide is causing more plants
to grow, even in dry areas. There are also indications that the pre-Flood world may have had more atmospheric carbon dioxide than we do at present, and this increased CO2 may have contributed to a much more temperate pre-Flood climate. So even if CO2 is warming the planet today, Christians have no reason to panic over this issue.

“So many variables affect Earth’s climate that it’s difficult to see how a computer model can accurately predict future changes, especially given our present imperfect understanding. Earth’s atmosphere is subject to numerous intricate interactions, and we still don’t have a firm understanding of its overall long-term sensitivity. If we want a realistic assessment of climate change, we need to 1) do our homework and learn from history, 2) continue to study the data with great diligence, and 3) refrain from jumping to conclusions based on skewed climate models and short-sighted assumptions.


To be sure, God has appointed man to be custodian of His Earth. We should be good stewards of what He has given us, but we enter dangerous territory if we presume to be able to control and shape to our will what God has made. The law of unanticipated consequences inevitably intervenes.”3

Until next time, take care and God bless,
Willow Dressel

References:

http://www.icr.org/article/realistic-look-at-global-warming