Monday, April 25, 2016

HIGH IN THE SKY, MALLARD DUCKS, SWANS, VULTURES, OXYGEN, TIBET, ANDES MOUNTAINS, MIGRATIONS, INSPIRED AIR, INHALED AIR



HIGH IN THE SKY

Hi everyone! How has this past week been for you? Mine was a good one. As a matter of fact I just got off the phone with my daughter who lives in South Carolina. She told me she may be flying out to visit in a few weeks. It is always a pleasure to see any of my children!

Speaking of flying, have you ever thought much about flying? The airline companies do a good job of keeping us safe. They make the airplanes and jets arrow dynamic and provide pressurized cabins so we can breath at the high altitudes that planes travel in. The commercial airlines even provide
oxygen masks should the pressure in the cabins fail. 

People and animals that are born and live in high altitude regions get or are used to such low oxygen levels. “The highest-lying permanent settlements, in the Andes and in Tibet, are situated at just above 5000 m. [16,400 feet]. Not even people belonging to these mountain communities would
be able to survive more than a few hours in the oxygen-deficient air above 8000 m. [26,200 feet]. The oxygen content of the air is about 21%, independent of altitude, in the troposphere; the oxygen pressure consequently decreases in parallel with the decreasing air pressure at increasing altitude. At 6000 m. [20,000 feet] the oxygen pressure is only half what it is at sea-surface level; at 8000 m. [26,200 feet] it is a third of that and at 10,000 m. [32,800 feet] only a quarter.”1

But what about the high flying birds? “How can they survive elevations of 15,000 feet and sometimes higher without a
supplemental source of oxygen? Many bird migrations occur at extremely high elevations: 21,000 feet for the mallard duck, 27,000 feet for swans, even 36,000 feet for vultures!…How are birds able to breathe in such oxygen-starved conditions? What they have—thanks to their Creator—is much more efficient than Antis’ custom-made oxygen mask! A bird’s lungs function according to the
through-flow principle: the inspired [inhaled] air collects in the bird’s posterior air-sacs and flows through the lungs to the anterior air-sacs before it passes back out. In the lungs the blood is oxygenated by fine air capillaries, where air and blood flow in opposite directions. Owing to this counterflow, the oxygenated blood that leaves the bird lung acquires a higher oxygen concentration than that corresponding to the oxygen pressure in the expired [exhaled] air. In addition to flow-through lungs, birds have
hearts that are proportionately larger to their bodies than those of mammals—from 0.8 to 1.5% of total body mass, compared to mammals, which average around 0.6%. The birds’ larger hearts enable speedy blood transport and intensive oxygen renewal.”2


Oxygen masks and pressurized cabins in airplanes and jets
are a wonderful inventions. Even more so, the Creator God’s creations of birds high in the sky!

Until next time, look up look high—you just might spot some of these birds on their way down!

God bless,
Willow Dressel

References:

Monday, April 18, 2016

SOFT TISSUE, DINOSAUR, FOSSILS, COLD BLOODED, WARM BLOODED, TURBINATES, SCIPIONYX, MESOTHERM,



Are dinosaurs warm blooded?

Hello all my fine friends out there! And has this week brought peace to you and your families? I hope and pray so! As for me, the weather is getting warmer and I would like nothing better to sit outside with a good book warming in the sun. But…the Lord has called me to work! Lol! So I do.

This salamander, and mammals as well were
found in a massive dino
grave were it and many dinos have been
found with soft tissue
Speaking of warming in the sun, some scientists believe dinosaurs were cold-blooded while other believe they were warm-blooded. What exactly is the difference and how can we know for sure which one were the dinosaurs. Tim Clarey, PhD., of the Institute for Creation Research wrote an article in the magazine Acts & Facts in which he describes, “Endothermic (warm-blooded) simply means that an animal generates its own internal body heat using its metabolism, independent of its surroundings. Ectothermic (cold-blooded) means that an animal needs an external source of heat, like sunlight, to warm its body, like snakes and lizards do. 

So if you found a partial skeleton out in the wilderness would you be able to determine if the animal, when it was alive,
was cold or warm-blooded? In some cases you might. Well then, what about from the soft tissue found in so many dinosaurs? 
“Many scientists have noticed that dinosaur bone is highly vascularized, with lots of blood vessel openings, similar to mammals. They claim this demonstrates that dinosaurs were warm-blooded. However, the presence of vascularized bone cannot be used as proof of an animal’s metabolic rate. A study by Tomasz Owerkowicz showed that the possession of highly vascularized bone merely means the animal was active and not necessarily warm-blooded.

“Studies of nasal passage size may make a far better test.
Ninety-nine percent of all warm-blooded animals have turbinates, coils of membrane-covered cartilage or bone in their nasal passages that reduce water and heat loss during
breathing.


“Dr. John Ruben performed CT scans on four different dinosaur skulls, including two predatory dinosaurs. All scans revealed narrow nasal cavities similar to those of modern cold-blooded animals like crocodiles rather than to those of birds.

“Scientists also found some soft-tissue and skeletal evidence to support cold-bloodedness—just the opposite of
A patch of mummified (not fossilized) dino skin
what dino-to-bird proponents hoped. A study of the abdominal cavity of the meat-eating dinosaur Scipionyx—a small dinosaur some paleontologists claim to be the precursor of today’s birds—revealed the presence of a lung ventilation system similar to that of modern crocodiles. The attachment style of the intestines also indicated that the flow-through air sac lung system typically found in birds was not present in Scipionyx.

“Recently, it was suggested that some dinosaurs were mesotherms, similar to tuna and the leatherback turtle. Mesotherms can raise their body temperatures by their activity level but are unable to internally maintain the
temperature like true endotherms. In this regard, the dinosaurs were still closer to cold-blooded ectotherms than warm-blooded endotherms. 

“In conclusion, there is no compelling scientific reason to claim dinosaurs were warm-blooded animals. The evidence instead backs the case that dinosaurs were created as cold-blooded reptiles, and their cold-blooded nature may have played a big part in their post-Flood extinction.”1

My personal thoughts are that it is still inconclusive. The test sample size was small. I also think it is quite possible that some dinosaurs were warm-blooded, others were
mesotherms and still others were cold-blooded. A variety just like we see today in our wildlife. But in no way do I believe that if some dinosaurs are determined beyond any doubt that they were warm-blooded, leads to “evolution” into birds. That is something that I am 100% sure will never be discovered. Why? Because it never existed!

Until next week, God bless and take care!
Willow Dressel

References:

1http://www.icr.org/article/dinosaurs-designed-cold-blooded/

Sunday, April 3, 2016

DRYPTOSAURUS, APPALACHIOSAURUS, TYRANNOSAURS, T. REX, TYRANNOSAURIDS, TARBOSAURUS, PALEONTOLOGY, PANGAEA, SCIENCE REPORTS, STEPHEN BRUSATTE, THOMAS CARR


T. rex

WHEN IS  A  T.REX  A  T.REX?

Hello all you fine people out there! Can you believe another week has come and gone? And here we are in the fourth month of the year already again (according to the Gregorian calendar)! BTY the Gregorian calendar is what most of the world uses today so everyone is pretty much on the same line. But not all lines are so clear…

Take for instance the line of tyrannosaurus ancestry. Scientific Reports published a recent online paper in which two authors, Stephen Brusatte and Thomas Carr, attempt to define the ancestry of tyrannosaurs. 

You see, there has been a new surge of discoveries of this particular dinosaur, thus the two men went to work to investigate how they all tied in.  They wanted to make a
Tarbosaurus
tyrannosaurs evolutionary tree so to speak. They wrote 
“ ‘origins, phylogeny, and evolution of tyrannosaurids were long mysterious.’ However, their results produced no answers…only more questions. In their report, they conclude, ‘Tyrannosauroids are the subject of more research and popular interest than most, or perhaps all, other dinosaurs. However, their fossil record is frustratingly incomplete and patchy.’ ”1

In their report they also admit that Laura Geggel, a Science Reports journalist stated “ ‘Fossil evidence is lacking, but researchers suspect that the predecessors of tyrannosaurs lived on the supercontinent Pangaea.’ In spite of new and recent discoveries, Brusatte and Carr still confess that several issues hamper their ability to map a tyrannosauroid ancestral tree. 

“First and foremost is the lack of fossil evidence—the foundation of paleontology. The so-called ancestral tyrannosaur tree is filled with ‘suspects’ and ‘ghost lineages’ but not much in the way of hard, empirical evidence. They also note that there is still a huge gap (20-45 million years in the secular timeframe) in the fossil record between the latest Cretaceous-system tyrannosaurs and their claimed earlier ancestors. ‘Filling this gap is critical to determine where Tyrannosauridae originated.’ ”2  

Tarbosaurus skull
Second, when trying to put together their map, they found that some tyrannosaurs in North America and Asia are very similar. In fact “They seem to be nearly the exact same kind. Brusatte reported, ‘Tarbosaurus is the Asian version of T. rex. Or, you could say that T. rex is the North American version of Tarbosaurus. They are so similar in terms of their monstrous size, their proportions, their
T. rex skull
massive jaw muscles and thick teeth and even many minutiae of their skull bones.’ 

“If tyrannosaurs on two different continents are so similar, then why aren't they classified as the same species? The answer appears to be based on the researchers' worldview. Evolutionary scientists believe each species evolved from different ancestors on different continents. When they find two that are similar, they have to explain it as cross-continental transport of one species to the other continent via plate movements (land bridges) in the distant past. But their evolutionary worldview clouds their understanding…
In contrast, the Bible teaches there were specific created kinds, like the tyrannosaur kind. It is no surprise that numerous types (species) of the same kind (tyrannosaurs)
existed in different parts of the world. God allowed for great diversity within the kind, giving variety in the rock record for tyrannosaurs. Consider all the different dog breeds we have today. They may be vastly different shapes and sizes, but they are all dogs. 

Appalachiosaurus
“A third unresolved issue is the sudden appearance of T. rex in the sedimentary rock record. Brusatte explains, ‘Regardless of where T. rex comes from, when it enters the fossil record, it seems to take over immediately, like an invasive species.’ These findings better fit the biblical Flood model, where species appear and disappear suddenly as they were buried in the Flood waters, environment by environment.

appalachiosaurus
“In fact, Brusatte and Carr were apparently so desperate for gap-filling fossils that they included species that aren't even true tyrannosaurs, like Appalachiosaurus and Dryptosaurus. The authors describe these specimens as, ‘somewhat basal, non-tyrannosaurid tyrannosaurids.’
What in the world is a ‘non-tyrannosaur tyrannosaur’?

“Although many new species of dinosaur are found each year, secular paleontologists still cannot find the
Dryptosaurus
evolutionary links to fill the gaps and complete their make-believe tree—now called a cladogram.

“Creation scientists point out that the fossil record of tyrannosaurs is best explained by God's revealed Word. Tyrannosaurs were created on Day Six of Creation Week along with the other land animals. And like so many other creatures, tyrannosaurs were buried rapidly and suddenly in the global Flood as described in Genesis. They appear in the rocks fully-formed, without evolutionary ancestors, and disappear in the rock record just as quickly as the Flood waters overtook them.”3

It grieves my soul that these people are so stubborn and blind. I pray these people and others like them will find salvation in Jesus. Truer words in the hymn Amazing Grace couldn’t have been written: I once was blind but now I see…I once was lost but now I’m found. 

Until next time, God bless and take care!
Willow Dressel

References:


Monday, March 28, 2016

LLARETA, AZORELLA COMPACTA, CANOPY, DENSE CANOPY, CATHY KLEIER, HIGH ELEVATION, CHRISTIAN, CREATION, YARETA




THE DENSEST CANOPY IN THE WORLD

Good day everyone! How is everything where you reside? Here in North America spring is making an impact in the cold winter days. Tulips, irises, and leaves on the trees are all peeking out. I am looking forward to hiking in the woods when once again I can walk under majestic trees who’s canopy is solid from tree to tree giving me exquisite thick
shade. But even the tropical rainforest who are known for their thick canopy can be penetrated from above. Every so often you hear of a plane that has crashed in these jungles. Often it is difficult if not impossible to find the airplane (at least right away) due to the canopy cover. However, when the crash site is finally located, the plane—or parts of it—have  usually made it all the way to
the ground. 

There is one forest, however, that is so thick that nothing can crash through it. But you won’t find any downed airplanes nestled in the canopy. This jungle may be very dense, but it grows only a few inches in height making a covering over rocks. This “flora is a type of cushion plant known as Azorella compacta, also called “llareta” in Spanish. ‘The compacta is really key,’ says Cathy Kleier, an associate professor of biology at Regis University who’s done three studies on the species in Chile’s Lauca National Park. ‘[It] really describes the plant—compact. The plant’s canopy
is made up of thousands of really small, little rosettes [leaves] that are at the end of the stem, and they are compacted
together so tightly that you could sit on this plant and not fall through the canopy.’

‘You can jump up and down on it; nothing happens,’ adds Philip Rundel, a distinguished professor of biology at UCLA. ‘It grows and branches and ramifies and makes this really dense surface.”1

If you think “cauliflower” this gives you a pretty good idea what the plant is like. Llareta grows in extremely high elevations; 10,000 to 17,000 feet. At those altitudes, freezing cold is a common factor. “One reason it survives so well is its extraordinary dense growth. Llareta’s surface is so crowded with tiny leaves, and its stems are so densely packed, that a person can stand on a plant without breaking it. That density holds in the heat during
subzero nights.”2 

“Llaretas tend to grow low to the ground, near and over rocks. They’re attracted to the heat that the rocks absorb during the day and retain through nighttime, says Kleier…One of the highest growing plant species in the world, the llareta generally takes root in the tropical alpine areas of Chile, Bolivia, and Peru at elevations of 14,000 to upwards of 17,000 feet, where there’s a lot of direct sunlight and solar radiation during the day, but near freezing temperatures at night, says Kleier. She found one living above 17,200 feet, ‘but I suspect that they are higher than that,’ she says. Llaretas could also be among the oldest living plants in the world. While scientists haven’t carbon-dated them yet, one 1978 study estimated the age of a sample of plants at 850 years to 3,000 for bigger ones.”3

What an amazing plant! Once again God’s fingerprint (and His creativeness) shines brightly. Evolutionists would like to take claim of this one, but unless the DNA was programed from the beginning to allow this plant to diversify and survive in such an extreme climate, it couldn’t have had the genetic information for survival of the fittest (remember mutations, with one exception, are always detrimental to the organism in which the mutation has taken place. It is a loss or rearrangement of DNA [see prior blog on mutations]). Who would have thought to have such bright and beautifully colored vegetation at such high elevations? God did that’s who!

Until next week, take care and God bless. 
Willow Dressel



















References:

2Answers Magazine, Vol. 11 No. 2 April-June 2016, Answers in Genesis, p 27.

Monday, March 21, 2016

AMAZON RAINFOREST, AMAZON BASION, DINOSAUR, SAUROPOD, AMAZON RIVER, VANCE NELSON

Photo Courtesy of Answers in Genesis

MORE PROOF OF 
DINOS?

Good day everybody! And how has everyone been? I have been well-almost completely healed from that nasty sickness I had for the last month. Yeah! And just in time as we have taken in a homeless family in need of temporary relief. That’s all they would need is to get sick from me on top of everything else lol! It is interesting to listen to the accounts of what has happened to them and in turn talk to them about Jesus. In particular I have been sharing with the father creation science. One of the newest pieces of information that supports the unaltered truth the Bible has recorded is about, you guessed it, dinosaurs.

New evidence that man and dinosaurs existed together has recently been found in the Amazon. The Amazon is an enormous jungle. According to the 2016 Encyclopedia Britannica, the Amazon rainforest is 2,300,000 square miles. To give you some perspective, the state of Texas is 268,820 square miles. It would take 8.5 Texases to hold the Amazon rainforest. Another comparison is Great Britain. It is about 150,000 square miles. It would take 15.3 Great Britains to cover the Amazon. Now that is one gigantic jungle! 

Photo Courtesy of Answers in Genesis




It is not surprising then, and even rather logical, that there are many things that are still being discovered in that area. Including evidence of dinosaurs! During an exploration trip in 2012 of an Area of the Amazon, researcher Vance Nelson was able to convince a local secular archeologist to guide him to some caves. Once inside, Vance was amazed to see several pictographs of dinosaurs. Even more fascinating, one of the pictographs depicts nine men hunting what could only be a large sauropod dinosaur. One of the hunters on the top even has a spear raised ready to kill the animal. 
Photo courtesy of Answers in Genesis

What is the significance of this? The people who drew the picture were not doing so from fossils that they may have seen. This was a living, breathing animal that nine warriors were hunting! Vance also discovered that in 1940 a North American explorer had come through the very same area. This explorer recorded that the indigenous people knew of a “strange” creature that lived by the river. The animal fit the description of a sauropod dinosaur. 
Photo courtesy of Answers in Genesis

Is this proof that dinosaurs and mankind lived together during the same time? The answer would have to be an undeniable yes. If not, you would be lying. Even the archeologist who guided Nelson to the caves and believes in the secular sciences spoke the truth when he wasn’t being recorded. Off camera he admitted that the pictograph could be nothing else but a dinosaur that had survived extinction. 

Learn more about this in Answer in Genesis’ publication Untold Secrets of Planet Earth available from their catalog/online store. 






Until next time, God bless and take care!
Willow Dressel 









References:

https://answersingenesis.org/store/specials/untold-secrets/?utm_source=discountsdeals&utm_medium=email&utm_content=feature1&utm_campaign=20160309&mc_cid=144851d03d&mc_eid=ec76e61712

All photos are courtesy of Answers in Genesis from the above https address.

Monday, March 14, 2016

MEDICINAL PLANTS, HEALING PLANTS, ANIMALS USE OF PLANTS, ANTING, PARASITE

Chimp eating an aspilia plant

MEDICINAL PLANTS
BIG FINGERPRINTS OF THE CREATOR


Are you at peace, all my readers out there? I pray that you are and that you had a wonderful week. My week went well but I have a feeling that this coming week will be hectic as we are having a gathering of friends and family at my home on Saturday. Much preparation is still needed and I work three of the days so I only have two days to get things ready…yes I’m afraid it will be very hectic lol! Thank you Jesus that I am finally feeling better.

Speaking of healing, medicinal plants are originally the root (no pun intended lol!) of all medicines. Scripture tells us in Genesis 1 verse 11; “And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, and herb yielding seed  and fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.” Since God created the earth He also made it possible for the vegetation to be created, including herbs, which is were
Koren mint has some antibacterial properties.
most medicinal plants come from. At one time in my life I apprenticed under a Lakota Medicine woman and learned of many medicinal plants, how to gather and make the medicines and how to apply them. I still value and use the lessons I learned. 

All of our modern medicine is either derived from or a chemical imitation of the properties of medicinal plants (including fungi and molds). Now how did the original plants obtain these properties? After all when God created them the world was still perfect, the fall of mankind had not yet taken place. Dr. Henry Morris writes in The Genesis Record A Scientific & devotional commentary on the book of beginnings, (Baker Books 1976) on page 63; “Each type of organism has its own unique structure of the DNA and can only specify the reproduction of that same kind. There is a tremendous amount of variational potential within each kind, facilitating the generation of distinct individuals and even of many varieties within the kind, but nevertheless precluding the evolution of new kinds! A great deal of ‘horizontal’ variation is easily possible, but no ‘vertical’ changes.” After the fall of mankind everything changed, competition and grazing/browsing pressures would have facilitated the need for plants to develop poisons and toxins (this is the horizontal variation that Dr. Morris is talking about). But these variations would have already been in the plants original DNA set there during creation. 

Jamba plant from Brazil used for toothaches
Some of these toxins and poisons can actually be used as medicine. That my friends, is a huge fingerprint of an Intelligent Designer. If vegetation just randomly evolved, harvesting plants for any purpose would be a disadvantage to those plants as there would be fewer available for reproduction. However a merciful, all-know Creator would have installed in the original DNA of plants the two-fold ability of plants to produce toxins and poisons that also could be utilized medicinally for mankind’s needs. 

But not just mankind’s needs’. Our Creator is far more kind and generous than that. Another enormous fingerprint of God is found in animals. Many animals actually use plants to help with their aliments! “Leaf-eating giraffes, for instance, have been known to scoop up a mouthful of dirt from termite mounds and swallow it down. Scientists call this behavior geophagy, which comes from two Greek root words that
essentially mean ‘eating dirt.’ The giraffes aren’t just playing with mud pies, though. The clay in the termite mound contains elements that coat the animals’ stomachs and give them relief. (It’s not too different from you gulping down some antacids to soothe a bellyache.) Those compounds may also neutralize plant and bacterial toxins in the giraffe’s diet.” 1

In New Guinea a researcher observed several species of birds “flocking to dirt exposed by a landslide. In a land covered with trees and grass, the rare exposed clay proved irresistible. But why would animals eat dirt? Well, dirt may in some cases contain minerals essential for health, or provide grit for gizzards (a digestive organ) to aid in grinding up food. In this case, the dirt provided chemicals that detoxify poisons in plants. 

“For some motherly animals, the expectation of new life is a
vital time to hunt for remedies. Pregnant sifaka lemurs sometimes munch the bark of fig and tamarind trees before giving birth. Compounds in the bark help encourage milk production and also get rid of nasty gut parasites (now that’s a combo meal).

“Pregnant elephants will eat a type of tree that helps induce labor. This type of behavior also helps explain the unusual craving that drove a pregnant elephant to tromp 17 miles to wolf down a special kind of tree. As the local researcher
continued rustling through the leaves for an answer, she found that Kenyan women in the area have long used tea from the same tree to induce labor. The elephant, which gobbled up the whole thing, apparently preferred a quicker method.”2  

Bonobo
And animals use plants for more than internal medicine. In Africa “during the rainy season especially, parasitic larvae commonly infect the digestive tracts of chimps, bonobos, and gorillas…Even with much tastier treats around, the apes will swipe bristly leaves from plants such as Aspilia in the sunflower family, carefully fold them up, and swallow them without chewing. While these leaves offer no nutritional value and usually aren’t a part of the ape’s diet, the Aspilia-eating isn’t just for fun. Instead,
these fuzzy leaves act much like Velcro in the apes’ stomachs and intestines. Parasites get trapped by the bristles and folds of the leaves and are swept out. Chemicals in the plant may also keep the parasites from overstaying their welcome.”3





Other animals also utilize plants to deal with annoying
insects. Capuchin monkeys will squash a certain variation of millipede then rub the smashed insect on their fur. Why? To prevent mosquito bites! Evolutionary speaking, it certainly isn’t to the millipede’s advantage to evolve with this chemical…so why does it have it? Starlings (a type of bird) weave wild carrot leaves into their nest to repel mites, grackles allow ants to crawl on outstretched wings to keep mites, mosquitos and other pests away, a behavior known as “anting”. 

Even insects protects themselves from other insects with plants! For example, “Monarch butterflies seem to know a useful plant when they see one. When a mother has been
infected by a tiny parasite that pokes holes in her skin, she carefully flits around to taste various milkweed plants. Her fussy behavior doesn’t mean she’s a picky eater. The evidence indicates that she’s looking for the tropical milkweed to lay her eggs on. When her baby caterpillars munch on the tropical milkweed instead of the more common swamp milkweed, the extra doses of plant steroids keep the parasites at bay for the next generation. The pesky fruit fly has a similar weapon in its arsenal when fighting off parasitic wasps, which lay their eggs in the flies. To deal with the infestation, the fruit flies eat foods rich in alcohol. While the alcohol doesn’t impact the flies, it often prevents the wasps from developing.”4

An ointment is made from this medicinal plant in Australia
In all of these cases the plant is at the disadvantage by containing any medicinal property. The medicinal plant in every case will have less reproduction than if “evolution” had selected for a toxin or poison that would kill or make ill any who used it. So why wasn’t this selected for? Because our loving and kind Creator chose to give medicinal plants (and insects) in their DNA toxins or poisons that would also benefit others (which goes totally against the theory of evolution). And the same goes for the animals. In most cases the medicinal treatment doesn't increase or prolong reproduction, just makes life a little more comfortable for the animal. So how does evolution factor into this? It doesn’t. Plain and simple.

Medicinal plants have the sweet aroma of a caring Intelligent Designer. We know Him as Creator, The Holy Trinity—the Father, Son who is Jesus, and the Holy Spirit, Protector and Provider. And He left a gigantic fingerprint in medicinal plants and the animals that use them!

Until next time, take care and God bless,
Willow Dressel

References:

1-4https://answersingenesis.org/animal-behavior/jungle-doctors/