Hello again my friends!
What wonderful autumn weather we are having…beautiful colors, warm days, cool nights where the stars are just shining so bright during these new moon days. With this in mind, I felt compelled to do a wrap up on the whole light from distant stars and a young universe. We covered some technical concepts and I want to make sure we can get it down in a nutshell!
First of all we covered a very common creation concept (“the light beam in place” theory) that has the major flaws of not being consistent with God’s nature of a Holy, just and orderly Creator. If you recall, it stated that when God created the universe He not only created the light source but put the light beam in place as well. Then we discovered that if this were true, then any light more than ten thousand years old, say a star a million light-years distance away, would go back in time past the ten thousand years since creation. Thus it would seem the light beam had to be created in route. But if it was created in route, then it never really happened!
Then we examined if the distance to the stars could actually be less and thus fit with a young earth theory. We found out if we tried to change the distance of the stars it caused problems with the speed of light decay. The decay of the speed of light effects radiometric dating, and red shifting of light from distance galaxies. However, the problem is these outcomes would be detectable in the light from the distant galaxies but they are not.
That left us with only one other alternative in one of the general relativity (a set of ten equations in Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity which describe the basic interaction of gravitation as a result of spacetime being altered by matter and energy) equations of Time = distance ./. speed. So in general, Einstein's theory – which is even today the best theory we have that explains gravity – points toward gravity as an entity that can distort time.
With this in mind, we saw that creationist physicist Dr. Russel Humphreys developed a new cosmology theory that states the universe is not infinite (as the ‘big bang’ theory states) but rather has boundaries. This means that there would be an across-the-board gravitational pull toward the center, with earth being in the center. So clocks on earth would run at a different time than clocks at the edge of the cosmos (just as clocks at the top of a tall skyscraper run faster than those on the ground floor), being effected by gravity where the pull is stronger toward its center.
This also means that at one point the universe was ‘gathered’ closer together (scripture backs this up too). So when the “edges” of the bounded universe “touched” the earth, an observer on earth would see light moving toward them from outer space appearing to travel much faster than the speed of light and galaxies would even appear to rotate faster. But if the observer were in deep space, the light would appear to be traveling at the speed we know today – the speed of light. The differences would be in the different gravitational effects happening either closer or farther away from the center of the bounded universe.
As the universe spread out, the stars took their events with them. So the light bringing information from the distant stars astronomers see today, did happen, and is recorded in the light beams traveling at light speed.
As you can see, this discover-this new cosmology, goes along with God being a God of order. It show His intelligence in His design, and His wisdom. How wonderful to have a God like the Holy Trinity that can be so supernatural as to create an entire universe and yet so personal to love and care about each of us.
I hope this clears up any questions you may have had and gives you a tool when asked about distant stars, light years away, and a young earth.
Now, get out there and enjoy His creation!
1,2The Revised And Expanded Answers Book, Ken Ham, et. al., March , pgs 95-100.